Status & Distribution - Noteworthy Observations

The intent of this listing is to provide up-to-date information on all the 'noteworthy' species that are being observed within Virginia Beach. The term 'noteworthy' isn't specifically defined but I try to include primarily species that are A). not annually reported in the city, B). annually reported but in very low numbers (i.e., Iceland Gull or Eurasian Wigeon which at this point are expected to occur but still of interest), or C). unseasonal occurrences (i.e., wintering warblers, summering ducks, etc.). All hyperlinks take you directly to eBird reports where more information is likely to have been logged by the user (such as a more refined location or description of how to observe the rarity). If you'd like to open these links in a new tab, just click your mouse's roll-wheel over the links (continue clicking on separate links and each will load in its own browser tab for viewing). To search this page for a species, hit CTRL+F, then start typing the species name it your browser should jump to the information you're seeking. Often times, information is passed to me via Facebook, text message, or phone calls and I try to keep this updated whenever I'm available to input the data. Please check back frequently.

Continuing Rarities (Active Within Last Month) - Updated 21 Sep 2018 @ 12:40 PM EST

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 21 Sep 2018 (ph. Charlie Bruggemann).

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida): 1, Back Bay NWR, 19 Sep 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Mike Collins).

Sooty Tern (Onychoprion fuscatus): 1, Little Island Park, 14 Sep 2018 (vis. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica): 1, Muddy Creek Rd., 13 Sep 2018 (ph. Rob & Ruth Bielawski).

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa): 1-2, Back Bay NWR, 6 Aug-6 Sep 2018 (1, obs. David Hughes & Lauren Mowbray). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 10 Aug: ph. Reuben Rohn; 19 Aug: ph. Joyce Lowry; 21 Aug: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Mike Collins; 22 Aug: ph. Cindy Hamilton; 23 Aug: ph. Steve Myers, ph. Marlee Morris, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty and Kathy Louthan, ph. Pamela Monahan, ph. June McDaniels; 24 Aug: obs. Bob Swiader, obs. Robert Ake, obs. James Marcum, ph. Jonathan Snyder; 25 Aug: ph. Mike Collins, obs. Brandon Holland, ph. Betty Sue Cohen; 26 Aug: obs. Andrew Baldelli, obs. David Clark; 27 Aug: ph. Jonathan Snyder; 1 Sep: obs. Jonathan Snyder, ph. Mike Collins, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Jajean Rose-Burney; 2 Sep: obs. James Marcum (2); 5 Sep: ph. Cindy Hamilton, vis. David Hughes; 6 Sep: obs. Ben Sandstrom.].

Baird’s Sandpiper (Calidris bairdii): 1 juvenile, Back Bay NWR, 1-2 Sep 2018 (ph. David Clark). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 2 Sep: ph. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Karen Hogan & Teresa Noel.].

Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata): 1, Back Bay NWR, 25 Aug 2018 (ph. Reuben Rohn).

American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana): 1, Lynnhaven Bay, 20-23 Aug 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 23 Aug: obs. Andrew Baldelli.].

 

2018 Rarities, Not Observed Within Last Month

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 1-2, Stumpy Lake NA, 1-17 Aug 2018 (2, ph. Charlie Bruggemann). [Additional reports (continuing individuals at same location) as follows, 3 Aug: obs. Jonathan Snyder (1), obs. Reuben Rohn (1); 4 Aug: obs. Rob Bielawski (1), ph. Rob Bielawski (1), ph. Lisa Rose (1); 5 Aug: ph. Doug Graham (2); 6 Aug: ph. Jonathan Snyder (1), ph. Steve Myers (1); 7 Aug: obs. Jonathan Snyder (1); 8 Aug: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1); 9 Aug: obs. George Harris (2), obs. Laura Mae (1); 17 Aug: ph. Reuben Rohn (1).].

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus): 1 adult, Marina Shores, 10-15 Aug 2018 (ph. June McDaniels). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 10 Aug: ph. June McDaniels, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Andrew Baldelli; 15 Aug: ph. June McDaniels, obs. Andrew Baldelli.].

Dickcissel (Spiza americana): 2, Marina Shores, 13 Aug 2018 (ph. Kathy Spencer).

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa): 3, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 12 Aug 2018 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina): 1, Kempsville (Private Residence), 8 Aug 2018 (ph. Una Davenhill).

American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla): 1, Hunt Club Forest (Private Residence), 28 Jul 2018 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Eastern Towhee (White-eyed) (Pipilo erythrophthalmus alleni/rileyi): 1 adult male, Back Bay NWR, 26 Apr-27 July 2018 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty). [This record refers to the individual being observed along the entrance road. Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 20 May: obs. Louis Rajnys; 27 Jul: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty.].

Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 19 May-9 Jul 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). [This appears to be an injured individual, but has persisted into the summer months, which is unusual here. Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 24 May: obs. Andrew Baldelli, obs. Kathy Louthan; 25 May: obs. Robert Ake, ph. Rob Bielawski; 26 May: obs. Steve Myers; 27 May: ph. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels, obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, obs. Nicolette Cagle; 30 May: obs. Logan Anderson; 31 May: obs. Logan Anderson, obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti; 2 Jun: obs. June McDaniels, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin; 3 Jun: ph. Rob Bielawski, ph. Derek & Laurie Yoder; 5 Jun: obs. Robert Ake; 8 Jun: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez; 13 Jun: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez; 14 Jun: obs. Michael Emenaker; 15 Jun: obs. Bill Oyler; 17 Jun: ph. Rob Bielawski; 25 Jun: obs. Robert Ake; 1 Jul: ph. Rob Bielawski; 5 Jul: obs. Back Bay NWR; 7 Jul: obs. Andrew Baldelli; 8 Jul: ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Mary Catherine Miguez; 9 Jul: obs. Andrew Baldelli.].

American Coot (Fulica americana): 1, Back Bay NWR, 15 Jun-5 Jul 2018 (obs. David Hughes). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 5 Jul: obs. Back Bay NWR.].

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus): 1, Offshore of Cape Henry, 4 Jul 2018 (ph. Justin Fuller).

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus): 2, Offshore of Cape Henry, 3 Jul 2018 (obs. Andrew Hawkins).

Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps): 1, Long Creek/Great Neck, 2-3 Jul 2018 (ph. June McDaniels). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 3 Jul: obs. June McDaniels, ph. Rob Bielawski.].

Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis): 1, Lake Trashmore, 27 Jun 2018 (obs. Kent Millham). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 27 Jun: ph. Rob Bielawski.].

Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps): 1, Back Bay NWR, 25 Jun 2018 (obs. Robert Ake).

Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus): 1, Ashville Park, 14-24 Jun 2018 (a.r. Michael Linz & Patti McLean). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 15 Jun: obs. Michael Linz & Patti McLean, a.r. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. James Marcum, a.r. Michael Linz & Patti McLean; 16 Jun: a.r. Tommy Maloney; 17 Jun: obs. Tracy Tate, a.r. Michael Linz & Patti McLean; 18 Jun: ph. Steve Myers; 20 Jun: a.r Michael Linz & Patti McLean; 24 Jun: obs. David Clark.].

Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius): 1, Rudee Inlet, 20 Jun 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus): 1 female, First Landing SP, 19 Jun 2018 (ph. John Aguiar). [Photograph is not included in the eBird checklist, but was emailed to me.].

Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola): 1, False Cape SP, 15 Jun 2018 (obs. David Hughes).

Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius): 1, False Cape SP, 15 Jun 2018 (obs. David Hughes).

Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata): 1 adult male, 85th Street Beach, 8 Jun 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Dickcissel (Spiza americana): 1, Knott’s Island (Virginia Beach portion), 7 Jun 2018 (obs. Tracy Tate).

Gadwall (Mareca Strepera): 1, Back Bay NWR, 5 Jun 2018 (obs. Robert Ake).

Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris): 1, Back Bay NWR, 5 Jun 2018 (obs. Robert Ake).

Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja): 2, Pleasure House Point NA, 3 Jun 2018 (ph. Hugh Davenhill).

Eastern Towhee (White-eyed) (Pipilo erythrophthalmus alleni/rileyi): 1 adult male, Back Bay NWR, 12 May-3 Jun 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski). [This record refers to the individual being observed on the gravel road just north of the East Dike gate, the same location one was present in 2017. Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 19 May: ph. David Clark; 3 Jun: ph. Rob Bielawski.].

Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica): 1, Lake Tecumseh, 2 Jun 2018 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez).

Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus): 2, Sandbridge (Private Residence), 1 Jun 2018 (obs. Mary Catherine Miguez).

Barn Owl (Tyto alba): 1, Pleasure House Point NA, 31 May 2018 (ph. Warren Rofe).

Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja): 1, Back Bay NWR, 31 May 2018 (ph. Charlie Bruggemann).

Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus): 1, Knott’s Island (Virginia Beach portion), 27 May 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata): 1-2, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 15 Apr-27 May 2018 (ph. Rob Bielawski [2]). [Additional reports (continuing individual(s) at same location) as follows, 15 Apr: obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti (1); 22 Apr: ph. Rob Bielawski & Lisa Rose (1); 5 May: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (2); 17 May: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1); 27 May: ph. Rob Bielawski (1).].

Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 25-26 May 2018 (obs. Robert Ake). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 25 May: ph. Rob Bielawski; 26 May: ph. Steve Myers.].

Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata): 1, Back Bay NWR, 14-24 May 2018 (obs. Cindy Hamilton). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 14 May: obs. James Marcum, ph. Mike Collins, obs. Bob Swiader, obs. Jason Schatti, ph. Rob Bielawski; 15 May: ph. Kathy Spencer, ph. Nancy Barnhart, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Rob Bielawski; 16 May: ph. Cindy Hamilton, obs. Tommy Maloney, ph. Steve Myers; 17 May: obs. Tommy Maloney, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 18 May: ph. Daniel Sloan; obs. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels; 19 May: ph. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels, ph. Jonathan Snyder, obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, obs. David Clark; 21 May: obs. Bob Swiader; 22 May: obs. Charlie Bruggemann; 23 May: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Cindy Hamilton, obs. Greg Moyers, obs. Tommy Maloney; obs. Jonathan Snyder, obs. Kathy Louthan.].

Dickcissel (Spiza americana): 1, Little Island Park, 23 May 2018 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1 light morph, Little Island Park, 19 May 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri): 1, Marina Shores, 17 May 2018 (ph. June McDaniels).

Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea): 1 adult male, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 15 May 2018 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Blackburnian Warbler (Setophaga fusca): 1 adult male, Back Bay NWR, 14 May 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 14 May: obs. Cindy Hamilton, obs. James Marcum, ph. Jonathan Snyder, obs. Bob Swiader.].

Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus): 1 adult male, Back Bay NWR, 11 May 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons): 1, Back Bay NWR, 11 May 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports (assumed continuing individual at same location) as follows, 11 May: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Timothy Barry, obs. Mike Collins, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Rob Bielawski.].

Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 6-11 May 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 6 May: obs. Mike Collins; 7 May: obs. Jason Schatti; 9 May: ph. Mike Collins, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Rob Bielawski & Jason Schatti; 11 May: obs. Andrew Baldelli, obs. Rob Bielawski / Marie & Ron Furnish.].

Tennessee Warbler (Oreothlypis peregrina): 1, Back Bay NWR, 5-11 May 2018 (ph. June McDaniels). [Additional reports (potentially continuing individual at same location) as follows, 9 May: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 11 May: obs. Timothy Barry / Andrew Baldelli / Mike Collins / Mary Catherine Miguez.].

Nashville Warbler (Oreothlypis ruficapilla): 1, Lake Smith (Private Residence), 8 May 2018 (obs. Tracy Tate).

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1 immature, Back Bay NWR, 7 May 2018 (obs. James Marcum).

Nashville Warbler (Oreothlypis ruficapilla): 1, Hunt Club Forest (Private Residence), 7 May 2018 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Tennessee Warbler (Oreothlypis peregrina): 1, Lake Lawson and Lake Smith NA, 6 May 2018 (obs. Timothy Barry).

Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrine): 1, Back Bay NWR, 1-5 May 2018 (ph. Mike Collins). [Additional reports (assumed continuing individual at same location) as follows, 4 May: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 5 May: obs. Brandon Holland.].

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 1-3, Stumpy Lake NA, 2 Apr 2018-5 May (obs. Andrew Baldelli [1]). [Additional reports (potentially continuing individual at same location) as follows, 5 Apr: obs. Jason Schatti (1); 13 Apr: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (2); obs. Marie D’Auteuil (3); 5 May: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (1).].

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 1 immature/female, Back Bay NWR, 2 May 2018 (ph. Steve Myers).

Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons): 1, Stumpy Lake NA, 1 May 2018 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 12, Stumpy Lake NA, 1 May 2018 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrine): 1, Lake Smith (Private Residence), 28 Apr 2018 (obs. Tracy Tate).

Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana): 1-2, Alanton Neighborhood (Private Residence), 3 Nov 2017-24 Apr 2018 (obs. Michelle & Taryn Payne). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 1 Dec: obs. Michelle Payne; 10 Dec: obs. Michelle Payne; 28 Dec: obs. Michelle Payne; 21 Jan: obs. Michelle Payne (2); 23 Jan: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (2); 24 Apr: obs. Michelle Payne.].

Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus): 5, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 22 Apr 2018 (ph. Rob Bielawski & Lisa Rose).

Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana): 1, Kempsville (Private Residence), 22 Apr 2018 (ph. Una Davenhill).

Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons): 1, West Neck Creek NA, 21 Apr 2018 (obs. Tom Beatty).

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 1, West Neck Creek NA, 19 Apr 2018 (ph. Charlie Bruggemann).

Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota): 1, Back Bay Landing Rd., 17 Apr 2018 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus): 1, Grimstead Rd., 17 Apr 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli).

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 3, Little Island Park, 17 Apr 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1 Immature, Firefall Dr., 15 Apr 2018 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 15 Apr: ph. Rob Bielawski.].

Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis): 1, Horn Point Road Boat Ramp, 6-15 Apr 2018 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty & Kathy Louthan). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 6 Apr: ph/v.r. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Robert Wood, obs. Jason Schatti, obs. Mike Collins, ph. Rob Bielawski; 7 Apr: ph. Tommy Maloney, ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski; 8 Apr: obs. Louis Rajnys, obs. Clark Olsen, obs. Lisa Rose, obs. Andrew Hawkins, ph. Rob & Ruth Bielawski, obs. Brandon Holland, ph. Pamela Monahan, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin; 9 Apr: obs. Cheryl J Jacobson, obs. James Marcum; 15 Apr: ph. Rob Bielawski, ph. Jason Strickland, obs. Tracy Tate.].

Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides): 1 first cycle, Pleasure House Point NA, 13 Apr 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [It is possible that this is one of the immatures reported anywhere from the CBBT, to Lynnhaven Pier, North End, and Rudee Inlet throughout the winter, but it is a first at this particular location so I’m listing it as such.].

Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla): 1, West Neck Creek NA, 6 Apr 2018 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty & Kathy Louthan). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 6 Apr: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez.].

Western Tanager (Pirange ludoviciana): 1, Loch Haven Park, 5 Apr 2018 (ph. Jonathan Snyder).

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus): 2, Stumpy Lake NA, 25 Feb-3 Apr 2018 (obs. George Harris). [Additional reports at same location as follows, 29 Mar: obs. George Harris; 3 Apr: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Mary Catherine Miguez.].

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus): 1, Private Residence, 2 Apr 2018 (obs. George Harris).

Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla): 1, Stumpy Lake NA, 1 Apr 2018 (ph. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 1 Apr: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez.].

Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla): 1, Lake Smith, 31 Mar 2018 (obs. Tracy Tate).

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus): 15, False Cape SP, 31 Mar 2018 (obs. Karen Kearney).

Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 31 Mar 2018 (obs. Eddie DuRant).

Chuck-will’s-widow (Antrostomus carolinensis): 1, Marshview Park, 30 Mar 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 30 Mar: ph. Rob Bielawski, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez.].

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 5, Lynnhaven Inlet, 28 Mar 2018 (obs. Adam Sell).

Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope): 1 adult male, Pleasure House Point NA, 11 Feb-26 Mar 2018 (obs. Jason Schatti). [Additional reports (assumed continuing individual at locations noted) as follows, 19 Feb: ph. Timothy Barry (Lake Joyce); 20 Feb: ph. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (Lake Joyce), ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (Lake Joyce), ph. David Wendelken & Greg Moyers (Lake Joyce), obs. Bob Swiader; 21 Feb: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (Lake Joyce); 22 Feb: ph. Loretta Silvia (Lake Joyce); 23 Feb: ph. Rob Bielawski (Lake Joyce), ph. Marie & Ron Furnish (Lake Joyce); 24 Feb: obs. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (Lake Joyce), obs. Frederick Atwood / Ananda Kalukin / Adit N / Lucy Soulliere; 25 Feb: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (Lake Joyce), ph. Lisa Rose (Lake Joyce); 27 Feb: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (Lake Joyce); 28 Feb: ph. Jonathan Snyder (Lake Joyce), ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (Lake Joyce), obs. James Marcum (Lake Joyce), obs. Louis Rajnys (Lake Joyce), obs. Jason Schatti (Lake Joyce); 1 Mar: ph. Tommy Maloney (Lake Joyce); 2 Mar: ph. June McDaniels (Lake Joyce), ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (Lake Joyce); 3 Mar: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (Lake Joyce), obs. Greg Tito (Lake Joyce); 4 Mar: obs. David Clark (Lake Joyce), ph. Betty Sue Cohen (Lake Joyce), ph. Cheryl J Jacobson (Lake Joyce); 8 Mar: ph. Jonathan Snyder (Lake Joyce), ph. Amanda Dymacek / Julian Dymacek / Ty Smith (Lake Joyce), obs. Shawn Callahan (Lake Joyce); 10 Mar: obs. Steve Myers (Lake Joyce), obs. Sharon Lynn (Lake Joyce), ph. Logan Anderson & George Burruss (Lake Joyce); 11 Mar: obs. Joyce Lowry (Lake Joyce), obs. Clark Olsen (Lake Joyce), obs. Louis Rajnys (Lake Joyce); 13 Mar: ph. Pamela Monahan (Lake Joyce); 16 Mar: ph. June McDaniels (Lake Joyce); 18 Mar: obs. Kathy Spencer (Lake Joyce); 26 Mar: ph. June McDaniels (Lake Joyce).].

White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus): 1, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 18 Mar 2018 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [This ties the earliest arrival date for Virginia Beach currently in eBird, and is the earliest sight & photographic record.].

American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana): 1, Back Bay NWR, 15 Mar 2018 (obs. David Hughes / Loretta Silvia / Darol & Tony Wood).

Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides): 1 first cycle, 64th Street Beach, 9-15 Mar 2018 (obs. Jason Schatti). [Additional reports (assumed continuing individual at locations noted) as follows, 10 Mar: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti (76th Street Beach); 15 Mar: ph. Rob Bielawski (82nd Street Beach).].

Iceland Gull (Kumlien’s) (Larus glaucoides kumlieni): 1 adult, 31st Street Beach, 20 Dec 2017-11 Mar 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports (continuing adult) as follows, 20 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty / Rob Bielawski / Mike Collins (39th Street Beach); 30 Dec: ph. Lisa Rose / Dixie Sommers / Jason Strickland (61st Street Beach); 5 Jan: obs. Andrew Baldelli (57th Street Beach); 10 Mar: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (57th Street Beach), ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (57th Street Beach), ph. Logan Anderson & George Burruss (57th Street Beach), ph. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti (57th Street Beach); 11 Mar: ph. Andrew Baldelli / Lisa Rose / Jason Strickland / Tracy Tate (74th Street Beach), ph. Steve Myers (58th Street Beach).].

Dovekie (Alle alle): 1, Little Island Park, 10 Mar 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1 juvenile, Dam Neck NA (Restricted Access), 18 Jan-9 Mar 2018 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports (assumed continuing individual at same location) as follows, 9 Mar: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (individual showing adult plumage now so is possible a different bird, but could be the same one having transitioned to new plumage).]. 

Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus): 1 first cycle, Rudee Inlet, 28 Jan-2 Mar 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli [31 Jan, initial identification], ph. Marie & Ron Furnish [28 Jan, found in earlier photograph]). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 1 Feb: ph. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez; 2 Feb: ph. Andrew Baldelli / Mike Collins / Tommy Maloney, obs. Tracy Tate, ph. Joe Minor, ph. Rob Bielawski; 3 Feb: obs. James Marcum, ph. Rob Bielawski, ph. Greg Tito; 4 Feb: obs. Cheryl J Jacobson, obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, ph. Nancy Barnhart / Rob Bielawski / Cindy Hamilton, ph. Gabriel Mapel, ph. J Sherwood, obs. George Harris, ph. Marie & Ron Furnish, ph. Keith Roberts, obs. Brandon Holland; 5 Feb: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate; 7 Feb: obs. Bob Swiader; 8 Feb: ph. Mike Collins, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty & Loretta Silvia, ph. Rob Bielawski; 10 Feb: ph. Andrew Cameron, ph. Matt Anthony / Todd Day / Jason Strickland; 11 Feb: ph. Andrew Hawkins; 17 Feb: obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti; 2 Mar: ph. Andrew Baldelli.].

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus): 1, Red Wing Park, 1 Mar 2018 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus): 1, Little Island Park, 25 Feb 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). [Individual was viewed flying in off the ocean, tracking over land a couple of miles to the south in Back Bay NWR.].

Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea): 1 adult, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 25 Feb 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 1-4, Undisclosed Location, 20 Dec 2017-19 Feb 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports as follows, 21 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 13 Jan: ph. Andrew Baldelli / Linda Chittum / Tracy Tate; 22 Jan: ph. Pamela Monahan; 19 Feb: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty.].

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 1 adult male, Private Residence, 18 Feb 2018 (ph. Keith Roberts).

Purple Finch (Haaemorhous purpureus): 2, Private Residence, 18 Feb 2018 (ph. April Mitchell).

Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons): 2, Indian River Rd. at North Landing Rd., 17-18 Feb 2018 (obs. Robert Ake). [It is possible these are the same two birds that were observed around Ocean Lakes High School earlier this year, but there is no way to say for certain. Additional reports continuing individual(s) at same location) as follows, 18 Feb: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1).].

Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana): 1, Private Residence, 16 Jan-18 Feb 2018 (ph. Kathy Spencer). [Additional reports (assuming continuing individual in same neighborhood) as follows, 10 Feb: ph. Natalie Wingfield; 18 Feb: ph. Keith Roberts.].

Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens): 1, Private Residence, 12 Jan-17 Feb 2018 (ph. April Mitchell).

Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica): 1, Brigadoon (Private Residence), 2 Jan-17 Feb 2018 (obs. Stuart McClausand). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 31 Jan: ph. Karen Kearney; 17 Feb: ph. Stuart McClausand).].

Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis): 1, Little Island Park, 11 Feb 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 3, First Landing SP, 7 Feb 2018 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez). [Note that 17 other individuals were observed at this park on 5 Feb, but were also viewed in flight heading northbound. It seems likely that this group of 3 was a different set of birds so I’m listing this separately.].

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 17, First Landing SP, 5 Feb 2018 (ph. Cindy Hamilton).

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 1-12, Sherwood Lakes, 3 Jan-4 Feb 2018 (ph. Carson Lambert / Andrew Rapp / Robert Wood). [Additional reports (assumed continuing individuals at same location) as follows, 3 Jan: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (10); 5 Jan: obs. Andrew Baldelli (10), obs. Marie & Ron Furnish (8); 6 Jan: obs. Debbie Schroeder (11), obs. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski (10), obs. Marie & Ron Furnish (10); 7 Jan: obs. Stephen Grimes (6); 9 Jan: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (10), obs. Brandon Holland (10); 10 Jan: ph. Steve Myers (2), obs. Clark Olsen (2), ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (8); 11 Jan: obs. Tommy Maloney (4); 12 Jan: obs. Baxter Beamer (3), ph. Rob Bielawski (7), ph. Marie & Ron Furnish (8), ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (9), obs. Tommy Maloney (1); 13 Jan: ph. Andrew Hawkins & Gerald Head (1), obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (6), obs. Greg Tito (1), obs. James Marcum (4), ph. Kathy Louthan (2), ph. Bryan Barmore & Sharon Burton (2), ph. Nancy Barnhart / Cheryl J Jacobson / Jan Lockwood / Barbara Neis (2), ph. Elizabeth Wilkins (2); 14 Jan: obs. Pamela Monahan (2), ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (3); 15 Jan: obs. Debbie Schroeder (4), obs. Peter Hosner & Daniel Lebbin (12); 17 Jan: ph. Pamela Monahan (3); 27 Jan: ph. Matt Anthony / Rob Bielawski / Todd Day (7), ph. James Marcum & Pamela Monahan (4); 2 Feb: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (1, Ashville Park); 4 Feb: obs. George Harris.].

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia): 1, Laurel Cove Dr. (Private Residence), 3 Feb 2018 (ph. Loretta Silvia).

Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus): 1 adult, Pleasure House Point NA, 31 Jan 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli).

Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons): 1-3, Sherwood Lakes, 3-27 Jan 2018 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports (continuing individuals) as follows, 6 Jan: ph. Marie & Ron Furnish; 7 Jan: obs. Nick Newberry; 13 Jan: obs. Andrew Baldelli / Linda Chittum / Tracy Tate (3, Firefall Dr.), ph. Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez (2, Firefall Dr.); 14 Jan: obs. Clark Olsen (1, Firefall Dr.); 27 Jan: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1).].

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii): 1, Sherwood Lakes, 26 Nov 2017-27 Jan 2018 (1, obs. David Clark). [Additional reports (note that this goose flock moves around between several areas frequently and individuals at each site are likely to be the same birds being seen over and over mixed in with the flock) as follows, 26 Nov: ph. Rob Bielawski, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 28 Nov: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (Princess Anne Ln.).; 16 Dec: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (Firefall Dr.); 21 Dec: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (2, Sherwood Lakes); 27 Dec: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (Firefall Dr.); 29 Dec: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate; 5 Jan: obs. Andrew Baldelli; 13 Jan: obs. Andrew Baldelli / Linda Chittum / Tracy Tate (Firefall Dr.); 27 Jan: obs. James Marcum & Pamela Monahan (1).].

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 8, Pleasure House Point NA, 26 Jan 2018 (ph. June McDaniels).

Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica): 1, Aragona Village (Private Residence), 7 Dec 2017-26 Jan 2018 (ph. Maggee Smith). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location observed by homeowner unless otherwise noted) as follows, 14 Dec, 15 Dec, 17 Dec, 19 Dec, 20 Dec, 21 Dec, 22 Dec, 23 Dec, 24 Dec, 26 Dec, 27 Dec, 28 Dec, 29 Dec, 30 Dec, 31 Dec, 1 Jan, 2 Jan, 3 Jan, 4 Jan, 5 Jan, 7 Jan, 8 Jan, 9 Jan, 10 Jan, 11 Jan, 12 Jan, 14 Jan, 15 Jan, 16 Jan, 17 Jan, 24 Jan, 25 Jan, 26 Jan.].

Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus): 1-4, Breeze Farms / West Gibbs Rd., 9-21 Jan 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). [Additional reports (continuing individuals at this location) as follows, 13 Jan: obs. David Clark (4); 14 Jan: obs. Baxter & Tucker Beamer / Ander & Paul Buckley (10); 15 Jan: obs. Ron Furnish (4); 20 Jan: obs. Clark Olsen (4); 21 Jan: obs. Dianne Lepkowski & Greg Moyers (2).].

Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides): 1 first cycle, Chesapeake Bay Mouth, 20 Jan 2018 (ph. Williamsburg Bird Club, first identified by Dan Cristol). [It is possible that this is the same first cycle bird that has been observed along Lynnhaven Beach and the Oceanfront recently.].

Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor): 2, Marvin Rd., 18 Jan 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallilda): 1, Pocahontas Club Rd., 18 Jan 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis): 1-2, Little Island Park, 6-18 Jan 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Mike Collins). [Additional reports (continuing individuals at same location) as follows, 6 Jan: obs. Marie & Ron Furnish, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez; 7 Jan: obs. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, obs. Andrew Hawkins, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Mary & Taylor Coker; 8 Jan. obs. Tommy Maloney, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin; 9 Jan: obs. Brandon Holland, obs. Mike Collins, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Cindy Hamilton; 11 Jan: ph. Cindy Hamilton & Jane Scott Norris; 14 Jan: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, ph. Lynn Moseley / Roberta Newton / Anne Presnell / Ann Van Sant / Matt Wangerin / George Wheaton; 18 Jan: ph. Loretta Silvia.].

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 1, Lake Smith, 15 Jan 2018 (obs. Debbie Schroeder).

Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides): 1 immature, Rudee Inlet, 4-15 Jan 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports (assumed continuing immature) as follows, 15 Jan: ph. Linda Chittum.].

Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus): 5, North Thimble Island, 13 Jan 2018 (obs. Monticello Bird Club CBBT Boat Trip).

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 1, Sherwood Lakes, 12-13 Jan 2018 (ph. Mike Collins). [Additional reports (continuing individual on the south pond) as follows, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty & Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Loretta Silvia, obs. Baxter Beamer, ph. Rob Bielawski, ph. Marie & Ron Furnish, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Tommy Maloney; 13 Jan: ph. Andrew Hawkins & Gerald Head, ph. Steve Myers, ph. David Clark.].

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1, Ashville Park, 29 Dec 2017-13 Jan 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). [Additional reports (assumed continuing individual at same location) as follows, 13 Jan: obs. Chrissy Barton.].

Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii): 1, Ashville Park, 9 Jan 2018 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez).

LeConte’s Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii): 1, Princess Anne WMA Beasley Tract, 3 Dec 2017-7 Jan 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski). [Please note: This WMA is open only on Sundays until 1 May when it opens seven days a week through the end of August. A VDGIF WMA access pass is also required to visit the park, which can be purchased online Here. Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 3 Dec: ph. Phil Kenny, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Mike Collins; 10 Dec: obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti; 17 Dec: ph. Rob Bielawski / Lisa Rose / Jason Strickland; 7 Jan: ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Nick Newberry.].

Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides): 1, Lynnhaven Fishing Pier, 8 Jan 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). [Additional reports (continuing immature) as follows, 8 Jan: ph. Kathy Louthan. It is possible that this is the same bird observed on 4 Jan at Rudee Inlet.].

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 1, Little Island Park, 6 Jan 2018 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski).

Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus): 1 adult, 57th Street Beach, 5 Jan 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus): 1 immature, Rudee Inlet, 4 Jan 2018 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors): 1, Back Bay NWR, 3 Jan 2018 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors): 2, First Landing SP, 2 Jan 2018 (obs. Marie & Ron Furnish).

Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla): 1, Stumpy Lake NA, 4 Dec 2017-1 Jan 2018 (ph. Jonathan Snyder). [Additional reports (continuing individual at same location) as follows, 5 Dec: ph. Mike Collins, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Robert Ake, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Andrew Baldelli; 6 Dec: ph. Jonathan Snyder; 7 Dec: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, ph. Jonathan Snyder, obs. George Harris, ph. Steve Myers, ph. Pamela Monahan, ph. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, ph. Loretta Silvia, ph. David Clark, obs. Kathy Spencer, obs. Brandon Holland; 8 Dec: obs. Tommy Maloney, obs. Bob Swiader, obs. Andrew Hawkins; 9 Dec: obs. James Marcum, ph. Bert Harris, obs. Louis Rajnys, obs. Bill Reddinger; 10 Dec: ph. Timothy Barry; 14 Dec: ph. Jonathan Snyder; 15 Dec: obs. Robert Ake, ph. Rob Bielawski; 16 Dec: ph. Tim Pruitt; 17 Dec: ph. Rob Bielawski / Lisa Rose / Jason Strickland, ph. Amanda & Julian Dymacek, ph. Jonathan Snyder; 18 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Kathy Louthan, ph. Cindy Hamilton; 19 Dec: ph. Marie & Ron Furnish; 21 Dec: ph. Courtney Check, ph. Jason Schatti, ph. Nancy Barnhart / Shirley Devan / Joyce Lowry; 22 Dec: ph. Audrey Whitlock, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin; 26 Dec: obs. Prashant A, ph. Jonathan Snyder, ph. David Clark; 27 Dec: ph. Jeff Kietzmann, obs. Nicole Koeltzow; 29 Dec: ph. Jonathan Snyder, obs. Dixie Sommers; 31 Dec: obs. Bill Oyler, obs. Chrissy Barton, ph. Pamela Monahan; 1 Jan: obs. Robert Steele, obs. George Harris, ph. Lewis Barnett, ph. Paul Bedell, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Alex Lamoreaux / Josh Lefever / Mark Mizak, obs. David Clark, obs. Bill Oyler, obs. Clark Olsen.].

Ross’s Goose (Anser rossii): 1-3, Princess Anne Ln., 9 Nov 2017-1 Jan 2018 (1, obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports as follows (note that this goose flock moves around between several areas frequently and individuals at each site are likely to be the same birds being seen over and over mixed in with the flock), 9 Nov: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1), obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (1); 22 Nov: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (1, Firefall Dr.); 24 Nov: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (1, Firefall Dr.), obs. Robert Ake (1, Firefall Dr.), obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (1, Firefall Dr.); 21 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (3, Sherwood Lakes), ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (3, Sherwood Lakes); 23 Dec: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1, Firefall Dr.); 27 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (3, Firefall Dr.); 1 Jan: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1, Firefall Dr.).].

RARITIES LAST ACTIVE IN 2017

Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors): 1, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 31 Dec 2017 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius): 1, First Landing SP, 31 Dec 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli / Adam D’Onofrio / Lisa Rose).

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii): 1, Back Bay NWR, 29 Dec 2017 (obs. Edward Brinkley).

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 3, Back Bay NWR, 29 Dec 2017 (obs. Edward Brinkley).

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1, Robinson Rd., 29 Dec 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 1, Muddy Creek Rd., 29 Dec 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports as follows, 29 Dec: ph. Rob Bielawski.].

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1, Cayman Ln., 29 Dec 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata): 1, Munden Rd., 26 Dec 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Northern Parula (Setophaga americana): 1, Private Residence, 16-17 Dec 2017 (ph. Carolyn Page). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location unless otherwise notes), 17 Dec: ph. Carolyn Page.].

Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus): 1, Rudee Inlet, 17 Dec 2017 (obs. Tommy Maloney). [There is only one other December report of this species in Virginia Beach currently in eBird.].

Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus): 20, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 12 Dec 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Viewed from Munden Road since the WMA is only open on Sundays during the winter months.].

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1, Stuart Rd., 12 Dec 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors): 2, Horn Point Rd., 12 Dec 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Ross’s Goose (Anser rossii): 1, Independence Blvd. at North Witchduck Rd., 3 Dec 2017 (ph. Kathy Spencer).

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1-2, Big Sky Farms, 13 Nov-2 Dec 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports (assumed continuing individual at same location) as follows, 2 Dec: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski.].

Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 2 Dec 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski).

Ross’s Goose (Anser rossii): 1, Kempsville Lake, 22-27 Nov 2017 (ph. Brandon Holland). [Additional reports (continuing individual at this location) as follows, 24 Nov: obs. Shawn Callahan; 25 Nov: ph. Lisa Rose, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin; 26 Nov: ph. Rob & Ruth Bielawski, obs. Debbie Schroeder, ph. Jonathan Snyder; 27 Nov: obs. Bob Swiader.].

Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata): 1, Back Bay NWR, 24 Nov 2017 (obs. Robert Ake & Loretta Silvia).

Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus): 1-2, Little Island Park, 5-22 Nov 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Mike Collins / Greg Moyers / Lisa Rose / Tracy Tate). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 22 Nov: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Ellison Orcutt (2).].

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1-29, Little Island Park, 18 Sep-21 Nov 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 3 Nov: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty & Kathy Louthan (1); 4 Nov: ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Tracy Tate (29), obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (5), obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (9); 5 Nov: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (5), obs. Rob Bielawski (8), obs. Lisa Rose (4), obs. Mike Collins (4), obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (9), obs. Greg Moyers (3), obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (5); 18 Nov: obs. Andrew Baldelli (1); 19 Nov: obs. Andrew Baldelli (1); 20 Nov: ph. Joe Minor; 21 Nov: ph. Joe Minor.].

King Eider (Somateria spectabilis): 3, Little Island Park, 20 Nov 2017 (ph. Joe Minor).

Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus): 1, Little Island Park, 19 Nov 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1-3, Back Bay NWR, 17 Sep-18 Nov 2017 (ph. Christine & Scott Peters). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 18 Sep: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1); 23 Sep: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (1); 29 Sep: ph. Christine & Scott Peters (1); 21 Oct: ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Michelle Payne / Lisa Rose (1); 5 Nov: obs. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (3), obs. David Clark (2); 18 Nov: obs. Courtney Check / Erin Eichenberger / Megan Massa / Andrew Rapp / Faye Reid / Kolby Williams (2).].

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1, Atlantic Wildfowl Heritage Museum, 13 Nov 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1, First Landing SP, 13 Nov 2017 (obs. Mary Catherine Miguez).

Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis): 1, First Landing SP, 14 Nov 2017 (ph. June McDaniels).

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida): 1, Big Sky Farms, 13 Nov 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida): 1-4, Back Bay NWR, 8 Sep-13 Nov 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports as follows (assumed continuing individuals), 8 Sep: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (2), ph. Jonathan Snyder (1), ph. Mike Collins (2), obs. Bob Swiader (1), ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (3), ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (1), obs. Pamela Monahan (3), ph. Rob Bielawski (2); 9 Sep: ph. Rob Bielawski (1), ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (1), ph. Timothy Barry (1), obs. Andrew Baldelli & Lisa Rose (1), ph. Bob McAlpine (1), obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti (1), ph. Steve Myers (1); 10 Sep: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (1), obs. Cheryl Jacobson (2), ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (1), ph. Rob Bielawski (1), obs. Tracy Tate (1); 11 Sep: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (1); 14 Sep: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (2); 15 Sep: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (4-Maximum Count at this site during this period); 16 Sep: obs. Brandon Holland (3), obs. Tommy Maloney (1), ph. Charlie Bruggemann (1), ph. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels (3); 17 Sep: ph. Courtney Check (1); 18 Sep: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (2), ph. Andrew Baldelli & Jason Strickland (1); 21 Sep: obs. Kathy Louthan (1), 14 Oct: obs. Rob Bielawski (1), ph. Robert Wood (2); 15 Oct: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (1); 16 Oct: obs. Bob Swiader (1); 17 Oct: ph. Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez (1), obs. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels (1), ph. David Youker (1), ph. Mike Collins (1), obs. James Marcum (1); 18 Oct: ph. Cindy Hamilton (1), obs. James Marcum (1), obs. Mike Collins (1), obs. Matt Anthony (1); 21 Oct: obs. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (2); 1 Nov: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (1); 5 Nov: ph. Greg Moyers (2), ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (1); 12 Nov: ph. Linda Chittum (1); 13 Nov: obs. Andrew Baldelli (1).].

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1, Oceanfront, 10 Nov 2017 (obs. Linda Chittum).

Cave Swallow (Petrochelidon fulva): 2, Little Island Park, 9 Nov 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus): 5, Offshore, 9 Nov 2017 (ph. John Loch). [This is a new extreme late date for the species in the state of Virginia as a whole.].

Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis): 1, Offshore, 9 Nov 2017 (ph. John Loch).

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 7 Nov 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla): 1, Back Bay NWR, 5 Nov 2017 (ph. David Clark & Keith Roberts).

Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 5 Nov 2017 (ph. David Clark & Keith Roberts).

Dovekie (Alle alle): 1, Little Island Park, 4 Nov 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). [This is a new extreme early date for the species in the state of Virginia as a whole.].

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1, Dam Neck NA (Restricted Access), 4 Nov 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1-3, JEB Fort Story (Restricted Access), 19 Sep-4 Nov 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 3 Nov: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (3), obs. Karen & Tom Beatty & Kathy Louthan (2); 4 Nov: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1).].

Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus): 1, JEB Fort Story (Restricted Access), 3 Nov 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty / Kathy Louthan / Mary Catherine Miguez).

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 8, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 27 Oct 2017 (obs. Mary Catherine Miguez).

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida): 1-2, Taste Restaurant, 27-28 Oct 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). [Additional reports as follows, 28 Oct: (1) obs. Tommy Maloney.].

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1, Taste Restaurant, 27 Oct 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1-2, Back Bay NWR, 12-24 Oct 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Addition reports as follows (assumed continuing individuals at this site), 14 Oct: ph. Rob Bielawski & Robert Wood (1), obs. Tommy Maloney (1), ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (1); 15 Oct: ph. Lisa Rose (1), obs. Robert Wood (1), obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (1), obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (1); 16 Oct: ph. Steve Myers (1), obs. Bob Swiader (1), 17 Oct: obs. Rob Bielawski (1), obs. James Marcum (1); 18 Oct: obs. Cindy Hamilton (1), obs. James Marcum (1), obs. Mike Collins (1), obs. Matt Anthony (1); 20 Oct: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (1); 21 Oct: obs. Eric Alton / Tamara Conklin / Jonathan Snyder (1); obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (2), obs. Marie D’Auteuil (1), obs. Shirley Devan (1).].

Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii): 1, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 22 Oct 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Lisa Rose).

Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana): 1, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 21 Oct 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii): 1-2, Back Bay NWR, 14-21 Oct 2017 (ph. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports as follows (assumed continuing individual(s) at this site), 14 Oct: ph. Robert Wood (2), obs. David Clark / Mike & Peggy Eubank / Roger Fast / David Hughes (1), obs. Tommy Maloney (1), obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (1), obs. Tracy Tate (1); 15 Oct: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Lisa Rose (1), obs. Robert Wood (1); 16 Oct: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (1), obs. Andrew Baldelli (1), obs. Mike Collins (1); 21 Oct: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (1).].  

Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus): 1-2, Back Bay NWR, 14-19 Oct 2017 (ph. Rob Bielawski, Tommy Maloney & Robert Wood). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual(s) along Bay Trail), Oct 14: obs. David Clark, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Tracy Tate; 15 Oct: ph. Andrew Baldelli & Lisa Rose (2), ph. Robert Wood, obs. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 16 Oct: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Mike Collins, ph. Steve Myers, obs. Bob Swiader; 17 Oct: obs. David Youker, ph. Mike Collins; 18 Oct: obs. Tracy Tate, obs. James Marcum, obs. Mike Collins, obs. Nancy Barnhart; 19 Oct: obs. Mike Collins.].

Ash-throated Flycatcher (Myiarchus cinerascens): 1, Back Bay NWR, 17-18 Oct 2017 (obs. David & Linda Hughes). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual observed in the vicinity of the visitor contact station with most observations being near the 90° bend in the entrance road), 17 Oct: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez & Andrew Baldelli, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. James Marcum, ph. Lisa Rose; 18 Oct: ph. Cindy Hamilton, obs. Tracy Tate, obs. James Marcum, obs. Mike Collins.].

Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum): 1, Back Bay NWR, 17 Oct 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [This record exceeds the extreme late date listed in the Gold Book for the Coastal Plain of 14 Oct.].

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 2, Little Island Park, 17 Oct 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Lisa Rose).

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida): 1, Little Island Park., 15 Oct 2017 (ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin). [A Clay-colored Sparrow was noted at this location 23 Sep, however no reports showed one between these time periods and I have assumed this to be a new arrival.].

Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera): 1, Back Bay NWR, 14-15 Oct 2017 (obs. Tracy Tate). [This record exceeds the extreme late date listed in the Gold Book for the Coastal Plain of 29 Sep. Additional reports as follows (continuing individual along Bay Trail), 14 Oct: obs. Rob Bielawski; 15 Oct: ph. Robert Wood.].

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1, Rudee Inlet, 11 Oct 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Lawrence’s Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera x cyanoptera [F2 backross]): 1, Marshview Park, 5 Oct 2017 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez).

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida): 1, Shipps Cabin Rd., 3 Oct 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana): 1, Lago Mar Neighborhood (Private Residence), 30 Sep 2017 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 30 Sep: obs. Karen Beatty & Mary Catherine Miguez.].

Frigatebird sp. (Fregata sp.): 1, Back Bay NWR & Little Island Park, 28 Sep 2017 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez). [This is very likely to be a Magnificent Frigatebird but was left as “Frigatebird sp.” due to the difficulty in ruling out even rarer species in this plumage state.].

Rufous/Allen’s Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus/sasin): 1, Lago Mar Neighborhood (Private Residence), 28 Sep 2017 (obs. Mary Catherine Miguez).

American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominica): 2-3, Back Bay NWR, 23-26 Sep 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 26 Sep: obs. James Marcum (2).].

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida): 1, Little Island Park, 23 Sep 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 1, Back Bay NWR, 23 Sep 2017 (ph. Michael Mayer).

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida): 1, South Thimble Island, 21 Sep 2017 (ph. Nancy Barnhart).

Canada Warbler (Spizella pallida): 1, Back Bay NWR, 21 Sep 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 13-21 Sep 2017 (ph. Mike Collins). [Additional reports as follows (assumed to be continuing individual but potential separate birds, at same location), 21 Sep: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti.].

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1, South Thimble Island, 19 Sep 2017 (obs. Edward Brinkley). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 19 Sep: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate (4), ph. Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland (1);

Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus): 1, South Thimble Island, 19 Sep 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa): 1, Back Bay NWR, 18 Sep 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Jason Strickland).

Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor): 1, Back Bay NWR, 18 Sep 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Jason Strickland).

Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 2-16 Sep 2017 (obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 3 Sep: ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. June McDaniels & Cindy Hamilton; 4 Sep: obs. Mike Collins, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, ph. Robert Wood; 5 Sep: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. James Marcum, ph. Steve Myers, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez; 6 Sep: obs. Tommy Maloney, obs. Mary Catherine Miguez; 7 Sep: ph. Steve Myers; 8 Sep: obs. Jonathan Snyder, ph. Mike Collins, obs. Andrew Baldelli, obs. Bob Swiader, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Pamela Monahan; 16 Sep: obs. Brandon Holland, obs. Tommy Maloney.].

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus): 1-2, Back Bay NWR, 8-14 Sep 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual(s) at same location), 8 Sep: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (2), ph. Mike Collins (2), obs. Bob Swiader (2), ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (2), ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (2), obs. Pamela Monahan (2), ph. Rob Bielawski (2); 9 Sep: ph. Rob Bielawski (2), ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (2), ph. Timothy Barry (2), ph. Andrew Baldelli & Lisa Rose (2), ph. Bob McAlpine (2), obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti (2), ph. Steve Myers (2); 10 Sep: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin (2), obs. Cheryl Jacobson (2), obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (2), ph. Rob Bielawski (2), obs. Tracy Tate (2); 11 Sep: obs. James Marcum (2), ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (2), obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (1); 12 Sep: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (2); 13 Sep: obs. Mike Collins (1), ph. Cindy Hamilton (1), obs. Mary Catherine Miguez (2), ph. Rob Bielawski (1); 14 Sep: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty (2), obs. Andrew Hawkins (1).].

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 1, Lake Smith, 13 Sep 2017 (obs. Tracy Tate).

Tennessee Warbler (Oreothlypis peregrine): 1, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 6 Sep 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja): 1, Back Bay NWR, 3-5 Sep 2017 (ph. Timothy Burnett). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 4 Sep: ph. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez; 5 Sep: ph. Robert Ake & David Hughes.].

Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Calidris subruficollis): 1, Back Bay NWR, 4 Sep 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli).

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa): 1, Pleasure House Point NA, 22-26 Aug 2017 (ph. Nancy Barnhart, Jan Lockwood & Joyce Lowry). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 23 Aug: obs. Andrew Baldelli; 26 Aug: ph. Michelle Payne.].

Wood Stork (Mycteria americana): 1, Pleasant Ridge Rd., 8-26 Aug 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 8 Aug: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Andrew Baldelli, obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Andrew Baldelli, obs. Karen Roberts, obs. James Marcum; 9 Aug: ph. Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland, ph. Rob Bielawski; 11 Aug: obs. Mike Collins; 12 Aug: obs. Ellison Orcutt, ph. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, ph. Louis Rajnys, ph. Betty Sue Cohen, obs. Michelle Payne, ph. Cindy Hamilton, ph. Marie & Ron Furnish, obs. Tony Wood, ph. David Clark, ph. Clark Olsen, ph. Jonathan Snyder; 13 Aug: obs. Jeffrey Blalock, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, ph. Rose Chandler, ph. Matt Anthony, obs. Pamela Monahan, obs. Elisa Flanders; 14 Aug: ph. Pamela Monahan, ph. Mike Stinson, ph. Randy Kimmit, ph. Nancy Barnhart, obs. Bob Swiader, ph. Kathy Spencer, obs. Cheryl J Jacobson; 15 Aug: ph. Betty Sue Cohen; 16 Aug: obs. Bill Nelson, obs. Steven Grunwald, ph. Jonathan Snyder, obs. Max Nootbaar, ph. Laura Mae; 17 Aug: obs. Shawn Callahan, ph. Nancy Barnhart / Jan Lockwood / Joyce Lowry, ph. Baxter Beamer / Tucker Beamer / Walker Catlett, ph. L. Kelly; 19 Aug: obs. Brandon Holland, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 20 Aug: obs. Steve Myers, obs. Jessica Ruthenberg, obs. Natalie Cavalieri, obs. Eric & James Marcum; 22 Aug: obs. Janice Frye; 25 Aug: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 26 Aug: obs. Shea Tiller.].

Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja): 2, Pleasure House Point NA, 25 Aug 2017 (ph. Eric & James Marcum). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individuals at same location), 25 Aug: ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Jason Strickland, ph. & v.r. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Andrew Baldelli.].

Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus): 1, Back Bay, 6 Aug 2017 (obs. David Clark).

American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana): 2, Back Bay NWR, 3 Aug 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty and Robert Wood). [This pair was found on the C Storage Pool, roughly 1.7 miles south on the West Dike from the visitor services center parking lot. Additional reports as follows (continuing individuals at same location), 3 Aug: ph. Andrew Baldelli.].

Eastern Towhee (White-eyed) (Pipilo erythrophthalmus alleni/rileyi): 1, Back Bay NWR, 28 May-29 Jul 2017 (ph. Rob Bielawski). [Initial sighting occurred near wildlife observation blind. Additional reports as follows, possibility of same individual from nearby location), 1 Jul: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez (entry road); 12 Jul: ph. Kim Harrell & Kathy Louthan; 29 Jul: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty.].

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia): 1, Back Bay NWR, 15 Jul 2017 (ph. Rob Bielawski). [This represents only the 4th summer record in eBird for this species, and the first since 2005.].

Dickcissel (Spiza americana): 1, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 13-14 Jul 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 14 Jul: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Karen & Tom Beatty.].

Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii): 1, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 9 Jul 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 1, Lake Smith, 9 Jul 2017 (obs. Tracy Tate).

Fork-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus savana): 1, Back Bay NWR, 15 Jun-8 Jul 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 15 Jun: obs. Bill Nelson, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez & Rob Bielawski, ph. Betty Sue & Ken Cohen, ph. David Clark, ph. Matt Anthony, obs. Wes Teets, ph. Andrew Baldelli; 16 Jun: ph. Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland, vid. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Todd Day, obs. Bob Swiader, obs. Rexanne Bruno, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Roberta Kellam, obs. James Marcum, ph. Nancy Barnhart, obs. Louis Rajnys, ph. Marie & Ron Furnish, ph. Baxter & Tucker Beamer / Walker Catlett / Conor Farrell, ph. Amanda & Julian Dymacek; 17 Jun: obs. Debbie Schroeder, ph. Baxter & Tucker Beamer / Walker Catlett / Conor Farrell, ph. Andrew Hawkins, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, obs. Louis Rajnys, ph. James Fox, ph. Timothy Barry, obs. Tommy Maloney, obs. Jeff Lemons, ph. Janice Frye, ph. Adam Bollinger & Ernie Miller; 18 Jun: obs. Brandon Holland, obs. Rob Bielawski, obs. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Michael Gosselin, obs. James Gould, obs. Steve Myers, obs. George Harris, ph. Janet Paisley, obs. Sandra Farkas, obs. Ellison Orcutt, obs. Clark Olsen, obs. Cathy Williamson, ph. Lorie Leavy, ph. Kent Fiala, ph. Lee Adams, obs. Ken Walsh, ph. Betty Sue Cohen; 19 Jun: obs. Aaron Palmieri, ph. Cheryl J Jacobson & Judy Jones, obs. Eve Gaige & Gabriel Mapel, obs. John Furches, ph. Kathy Spencer, obs. Tony Wood, , ph. Lisa Mease, obs. Joyce Lowry, obs. Andrew Cameron, ph. Will McPhail, ph. Mike Stinson, ph. Kent Davis / Bob Epperson / Barry Kinzie / Mike Smith; 21 Jun: obs. Mike Collins; 22 Jun: obs. Michelle Payne, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Kathy Bearden; 23 Jun: obs. Andrew Baldelli, obs. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Ann Hobbs & David Livengood; 24 Jun: ph. Arun Bose, ph. Lewis Barnett & Kim Harrell, ph. Stephen Grimes, obs. David Williams; 25 Jun: obs. Avery, Mary & Taylor Coker; 26 Jun: obs. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Paul Bedell, ph. Larry Meade; 27 Jun: ph. Joe Faulkner & Linda Helm, obs. Phil Wedge, ph. Russell & Sandra Peterson, obs. Shawn Callahan; 28 Jun: obs. Patricia Valdata; 29 Jun: ph. Thomas Hartman, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Robert Wood, obs. Eric Kershner; 30 Jun: ph. Edward Brinkley, obs. Courtney Check; 1 Jul: ph. Linda Chittum, ph. Phil Kenny & Russell Taylor, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. James Marcum, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Ernie Miller & Jason Strickland; 2 Jul: obs. Bill Oyler, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, obs. Tommy Maloney, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Eric & Georgeta Pourchot, obs. Greg Moyers, ph. Ezra / Galen / Theo Staengl, ph. Laurie Jones, obs. Steve Landes & Joanne Laskowski, ph. William Leigh, obs. James Marcum, obs. Mary Catherine Miguez; 4 Jul: obs. Louis Rajnys; 6 Jul: obs. Bill Oyler, obs. Dixie Sommers; 7 Jul: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, ph. Dixie Sommers, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Natalie & WS Barbour, obs. Natalie & WS Barbour; 8 Jul: ph. Russell Hillsley, obs. Gina Sheridan, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty.].

Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 7 Jul 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus forficatus): 1, Back Bay NWR., 1 Jul 2017 (obs. Ryan Corkill). [Additional reports as follows (all continuing individual at same location), 1 Jul: ph. Logan Anderson, ph. Phil Kenny & Russell Taylor, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez.].

Great Shearwater (Ardenna gravis): 1-2, Back Bay NWR, 24-26 Jun 2017 (ph. Arun Bose). [Additional reports as follow, 26 Jun: 2, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty.]. 

Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus): 1, 4617 Blackwater Rd., 24 Jun 2017 (ph. Karen & Keith Roberts). [Photographs posted in VA Notable Bird Sightings & Discussion Group, information posted to VA-Bird Listserver.]

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa): 1, Back Bay NWR, 23-24 Jun 2017 (ph. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports as follows (assumed continuing individual, same location), 24 Jun: obs. Arun Bose).]. 

Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata): 2-3, JEB Fort Story (Restricted Access), 22-24 Jun 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individuals at same location), 24 Jun: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty.].

White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis): 1, Back Bay NWR, 23 Jun 2017 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 23 Jun: ph. Rob Bielawski).].

Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola): 1, Back Bay NWR, 16 Jun-6 Jul 2017 (obs. James Marcum). [Additional reports as follows (presumed continuing individual at same location), 23 Jun: obs. Andrew Baldelli; 6 Jul: obs. Bill Oyler.].

Cory’s/Great Shearwater (Calonectris diomedea/Ardenna gravis): 1, Little Island Park, 23 Jun 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus): 1, JEB Fort Story (Restricted Access), 22 Jun 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 15 Jun 2017 (obs. Mary Catherine Miguez).

Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons): 1, Muddy Creek Rd., 3 Jun 2017 (v.r. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata): 1, Back Bay NWR, 28 May 2017 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

Black Tern (Chlidonias niger): 1, Back Bay NWR, 23 May 2017 (obs. Eric Kershner & Philip Kline).

Yellow-nosed Albatross (Thalassarche chlororhynchos): 1, Rudee Inlet, 15 May 2017 (obs. Tracy Tate & Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports as follows (continued viewing of same individual from same location), 15 May: ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Edward Brinkley.].

Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis): 2, Muddy Creek Rd., 4-14 May 2017 (obs. Clark Olsen). [Additional reports as follows (continuing individuals at same location unless otherwise specified), 8 May: 2 (1604 Gum Bridge Rd., obs. Lisa Rose, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Jason Strickland, ph. Andrew Baldelli, obs. James Marcum, ph. Mike Collins, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Brandon Holland, ph. Rob Bielawski; 9 May: ph. Courtney Check & Andrew Elgin, obs. Tommy Maloney; 11 May: obs. Tommy Maloney, obs. Jason Schatti; 12 May: obs. Andrew Baldelli, ph. David Clark; 13 May:  obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Louis Rajnys, ph. Betty Sue Cohen, ph. Pamela Monahan, obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, obs. Tony Wood; 14 May: 1, obs. David Gibson; 1, obs. Marie & Ron Furnish.].

Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera): 1, First Landing SP, 13 May 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus): 1, Knott’s Island (Virginia Beach Section), 13 May 2017 (ph. David Clark).

Saltmarsh Sparrow (Ammodramus caudacutus): 2, Pleasure House Point NA, 13 May 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus): 1, Maple Street Wetlands, 28 Apr-13 May 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports as follows (all at same location), 28 Apr: 1 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski); 11 May: 1 (obs. Andrew Baldelli); 13 May: 1 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).].

Sooty Shearwater (Ardenna grisea): 5, Rudee Inlet, 12 May 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports as follows, 12 May: 2 (Oceantfront viewing from Atlantic Wildfowl Historic Museum, obs. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski).].

Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus): 1, Drum Point Rd., 8 May 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports as follows (continuing pair at same location), 8 May: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Andrew Baldelli & Jason Strickland, obs. James Marcum.].

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (Tyrannus forficatus): 1, Gum Bridge Rd. at Muddy Creek Rd., 7 May 2017 (ph. Tracy Tate & Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports as follows (all continuing individuals at same location), 7 May: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Rob & Ruth Bielawski.].

Black Tern (Chlidonias niger): 2, South Thimble Island (CBBT), 4 May 2017 (obs. Todd Day).

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 6, Stumpy Lake NA, 14 Apr-2 May 2017 (ph. Rob Bielawski & Ron Furnish). [Additional reports as follows (all at same location), 14 Apr: 5 (ph. Andrew Baldelli), 4 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez); 15 Apr: 5 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty), 5 (obs. Shawn Callahan), 5 (obs. Trevor Sleight), 5 (obs. Tommy Maloney); 17 Apr: 6 (ph. Eric Alton, Tamara Conklin, Jonathan Snyder & Betty Sue Cohen); 18 Apr: 1 (ph. Jonathan Snyder, obs. Mike Collins, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty); 19 Apr: 2 (obs. George Harris); 21 Apr: 3 (obs. Jeffery Sole); 25 Apr: 1 (ph. Jonathan Snyder); 26 Apr: 1 (ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Shawn Callahan); 27 Apr: 1 (ph. Pamela Monahan); 29 Apr: 2 (obs. Debbie Schroeder); 1 May: 1 (ph. Matt Anthony, Courtney Check, Dan Cristol, Dakota Hunter, Elizabeth Ransone & Hope Trisler); 2 May: 1 (ph. Jonathan Snyder), 2 (obs. George Harris), 1 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera): 1, Chesapeake Beach Park, 28 Apr 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski).

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 3, Lake Smith, 27 Apr 2017 (obs. Tracy Tate).

Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 26 Apr 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Mary Catherine Miguez). [Additional reports as follows (all at same location), 26 Apr: 1 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis): 2, Bayville Farms Golf Course, 22 Apr 2017 (ph. Timothy Barry).

Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 22 Apr 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli).

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 1 female/immature, North Point Court (Private Residence), 11 Dec 2016-16 Apr 2017 (obs. Debbie Schroeder). [Additional reports (all same location by homeowner) as follows, 10 Feb, 11 Feb, 13 Feb, 14 Feb, 16 Feb, 17 Feb, 21 Feb, 7 Mar, 11 Mar, 30 Mar, 9 Apr, 10 Apr, 11 Apr, 13 Apr, 16 Apr.].

Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus): 1, Carolanne Farms Park, 11 Apr 2017 (obs. Brandon Holland).

Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana): 1 adult female, Alanton Neighborhood (Private Residence), 2 Jan-10 Apr 2017 (obs. Michelle Payne). [Additional reports as follows (all continuing individual at same location), 2 Jan: ph. Rob Bielawski, Lisa Rose, Jason Strickland & Matt Anthony, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez; 3 Jan: ph. Michelle Payne and obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 5 Jan: obs. Michelle Payne, obs. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Marie Mullins & Ron Furnish; 6 Jan: obs. Michelle Payne; 13 Jan: obs. Michelle Payne; 22 Jan: obs. Michelle Payne; 2 Feb: obs. Michelle Payne; 12 Mar: obs. Michelle Payne; 26 Mar: obs. Michelle Payne; 10 Apr: obs. Michelle Payne].

Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus): 1-2, False Cape SP, 8-9 Apr 2017 (v.r. Carlton Noll). [Additional reports as follows at same location, 9 Apr: 1 (obs. Carlton Noll & Art Ritter).

LeConte’s Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii): 1, Princess Anne WMA Beasley Tract, 4 Dec 2016-9 Apr 2017 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [Please note: This WMA is open only on Sundays until 1 May when it opens seven days a week through the end of August. A VDGIF WMA access pass is also required to visit the park, which can be purchased online Here. Additional reports as follows (all continuing individual at same locations), 4 Dec: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Rexanne Bruno, Lisa Rose, Dixie Sommers & Tracy Tate, ph. Karen Beatty, Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez; 11 Dec: ph. Matt Anthony, Arun Bose, James Fox & Kim Harrell; 18 Dec: ph. Timothy Barry, Rob Bielawski, Tommy Maloney, Ernie Miller, Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland, obs. James Marcum; 25 Dec: ph. Jeffrey Blalock; 9 Apr (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski).].

Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 6 Apr 2017 (obs. Marie D’Auteuil).

Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis): 1, Little Island Park, 29 Dec 2016-3 Apr 2017 (obs. Edward Brinkley & Paul Sykes). [Most observations have been made either from the Little Island Pier, or from the north end of the beach at Back Bay NWR accessed from the visitor parking lot. However, the “north mile” of beach between these two locations is closed to the public, so the bird can easily be missed from either side if not close to one  or the other. Additional reports as follows (continuing individual but shifting locations as noted), 1 Jan: Back Bay NWR (ph. Rob Bielawski and Karen & Tom Beatty), Back Bay NWR (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate); 10 Jan: Sandfiddler Road (obs. Andrew Baldelli); 16 Jan: Little Island Park (obs. Janice Frye); 7 Feb: Back Bay NWR (obs. Adam D’Onofrio, Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, Bob Swiader); 11 Feb: Back Bay NWR (obs. Linda Chittum & Andrew Baldelli, ph. Andrew Elgin & Nicholas Newberry, obs. Elliot Bernard, Adit Nehra, Lucy Soulliere, Nathaniel Abrams, Frederick Atwood, Ananda Kalukin & Sam Simon); 12 Feb: Back Bay NWR (ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. George Harris, obs. Brian Taber, Bill Williams & Dave Youker); 3 Apr: Little Island Park (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez).].

Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis): 1, Little Island Park, 15 Jan 2017-3 Apr 2017 (ph. Jacob Farmer, Nathan Gatto, Sarah Gatto, Jesse Anderson, Rob Rogers, Becky Clark, Chuck Thompson & Cynthia Donaldson). [Likely this same individual was reported at Little Island Park on 3 Apr (obs. Andrew Baldelli). Due to the early nature of this report (their typical arrival is 15 Apr) and the location, it seems likely that this individual stayed the entire winter at this site.].

Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus): 2, Back Bay NWR, 6 Feb-20 Mar 2017 (obs. Robert Ake & Edward Brinkley). [Additional reports: 2, Back Bay NWR, 7 Feb (obs. Andrew Baldelli, Adam D’Onofrio & Tracy Tate; 2, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 7 Feb (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty); 12 Feb (obs. Andrew Baldelli & ph. Linda Chittum); 1, Rudee Inlet, 21 Feb (obs. Andrew Baldelli); 1, JEB Fort Story (Restricted Access), 24 Feb (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty); 1, Little Island Park, 20 Mar (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate and Karen & Tom Beatty).].

Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana): 1, Sand Pine Road (Private Residence), 11 Feb-10 Mar 2017 (obs. m s). [Additional reports (all same location by homeowner) as follows: 17 Feb, 25 Feb, 26 Feb, 10 Mar.].

“White-winged Gull sp.”: 4-5 Mar, North Thimble Island (Restricted), (obs. Rexanne Bruno). [It is currently unknown whether this pertains to a Glaucous Gull, an Iceland Gull or a leucistic Herring Gull. This individual was observed by two field trips of the Hampton Roads Wildlife Enthusiasts Facebook Group, and may also be the same individual currently input as a Glaucous Gull on South Thimble Island 22 Feb by Courtney Check. Additional reports (all same location) as follows, 5 Mar: obs. Rexanne Bruno.].

Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus): 14-16, West Gibbs Road, 29 Dec 2016-3 Mar 2017 (ph. Arun Bose & Andrew Baldelli). [A large tree near barn stables at Breeze Farms is where the blackbirds have been congregating, though they often move to the feedlots. Additional reports as follows, (all at same location) 23 Jan: 16 (ph. Andrew Baldelli), 15 (ph. Jason Strickland); 24 Jan: 13 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez), 13 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty), 5 (obs. James Marcum); 25 Jan: 1 (obs. Rexanne Bruno); 28 Jan: 2 (ph. Nicholas Newberry, Dakota Hunter & Matt Anthony); 9 Feb: 14 (obs. Edward Brinkley & Todd Day); 11 Feb: 14 (obs. Andrew Elgin & Nicholas Newberry); 18 Feb: 1 (obs. James Fox); 19 Feb: 2 (obs. Baxter Beamer & Tucker Beamer); 22 Feb: 13 (ph. Abby Walter & Wes Teets); 25 Feb: 10 (ph. Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez); 3 Mar: 10 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty).].

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea): 1, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 2 Mar 2017 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty). [It seems likely that this is one of pair of individuals noted at the exact same location in December that probably over-wintered. 2 Mar seems to be a bit early for arriving migrants though by mid-month we will know just how early the arrivals start at other locations this year.]. 

Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus): 1, Saddlehorn Dr. @ Blackwater Rd., 1 Mar 2017 (obs. Karen & Keith Roberts). [Reported via VA Notable Bird Sightings & Discussion Group on Facebook; not entered into eBird at this time, and has not been re-located in the area.].

Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors): 2, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 19-26 Feb 2017 (ph. Charlie Bruggemann). [Additional reports (all same location) as follows, 19 Feb: 2 (ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. James Marcum); 26 Feb: (ph. Rob Bielawski, Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland, obs. Andrew Baldelli).].

Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea): 1, Munden Road, 25 Feb 2017 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez).

Dovekie (Alle alle): 1-20, Little Island Park, 2-24 Feb 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli). [Initial count of 3 at Little Island Park but with a peak count of 20 observed 3 Feb also by Andrew Baldell at same location. This was part of a large alcid movement along the coast with reports also occurring at Back Bay NWR, Camp Pendleton SMR & JEB Fort Story (Restricted Access). Additional reports as follows, 2 Feb: 1, Dam Neck NA (Restricted Access) (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty). 3 Feb: 3-20, Little Island Park (obs. Andrew Baldelli & James Marcum); 3, JEB Fort Story (Restricted Access) (obs. Rexanne Bruno); 1, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access) (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty). 4 Feb: 1-4, Little Island Park (obs. Andrew Baldelli, William Leigh, Allen Bryan, Tucker Beamer, Max Nootbaar, Baxter Beamer, Gabriel Mapel, Susan Babineau & Guy Babineau). 6 Feb: 1, Back Bay NWR (obs. Robert Ake & Edward Brinkley). 7 Feb: 1-3, Back Bay NWR (obs. Andrew Baldelli, Adam D’Onofrio & Tracy Tate); 9 Feb: 1, Dam Neck NA (Restricted Access) (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty); 17 Feb: 1, Back Bay NWR (obs. Andrew Baldelli); 23 Feb: 2, Rudee Inlet (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate); 24 Feb: 2, JEB Fort Story (Restricted Access) (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty), 1, Little Island Park (obs. Mary Catherine Miguez).].

Pacific Loon (Gavia pacifica): 1, Rudee Inlet, 23 Feb 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate).

Ross’s Goose (Chen rossii): 1-3, Sherwood Lakes Neighborhood (North Pond), 4 Dec 2015-23 Feb 2017 (obs. Julian Smith). [A peak count of 3 was observed 31 Dec 2016, obs. Tony Wood, ph. Lynda Blair. Additional reports (assumed continuance of initial  individual unless count specifically noted) as follows, 6 Dec: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 7 Dec: ph. Andrew Baldelli & Mary Catherine Miguez; 8 Dec: obs. James Marcum; 9 Dec: obs. Mike Collins; 11 Dec: ph. Adam Bollinger & Jason Strickland, obs. Louis Rajnys, ph. Jeffrey Blalock & Clyde Wilson, ph. Kathy Spencer, obs. Bob Swiader, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti; 13 Dec: ph. Ryan Graves; 14 Dec: ph. Nancy Barnhart, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty & Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Bob Swiader; 20 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Pamela Monahan; 21 Dec: obs. Andrew Baldelli & Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Rexanne Bruno, ph. Andrew Cameron, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 22 Dec: obs. Lucy Jacobson, ph. Kim Harrell, obs. Kathy Spencer, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 23 Dec: obs. Jason Weaver, obs. Mike Collins, obs. Edward Van Norman & Ian Van Norman, ph. Laura Mae, ph. Susan Remmie, ph. Pamela Monahan; 25 Dec: obs. Jeffrey Blalock; 26 Dec: obs. Clark Olsen; 28 Dec: obs. Robert Ake, obs. Nathan Tea, obs. Amanda Dymacek & Julian Dymacek, ph. Pamela Monahan; 29 Dec: obs. Rexanne Bruno & Tracy Tate, ph. Les Willis; 30 Dec: ph. Pamela Monahan, ph. Ron Furnish & Marie Mullins; 31 Dec: ph. Timothy Barry, 3 (obs. Tony Wood, ph. Lynda Blair), ph. Pamela Monahan, obs. Tommy Maloney, obs. Matt Anthony, James Fox & Nicholas Newberry; 1 Jan: ph. Ron Furnish & Marie Mullins, obs. James Abbott & Jason Strickland, obs. Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Michelle Payne & Lisa Rose, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Louis Rajnys, ph. Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland, obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, obs. Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. James Marcum, obs. Cathy Williamson; 2 Jan: obs. Tommy Maloney; 18 Feb: obs. Courtney Check, obs. Ellison Orcutt & Paul Bledell; 19 Feb: ph. Pamela Monahan, obs. Baxter Beamer & Tucker Beamer, obs. David Boltz, Richard Rieger & Phil Silas; 20 Feb: obs. Greg Moyers & ph. David Wendleken; 21 Feb: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 23 Feb: obs. David Clark.].

Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus): 1, South Thimble Island (CBBT), 4 Jan-22 Feb 2017 (obs. Bob Anderson). [Perhaps this same individual was sighted later in the day on the sandbars at Pleasure House Point NA by Bob Swiader. Additional reports (presumed continuing individual at this location unless noted otherwise) as follows, 4 Jan: ph. Mike Collins, ph. Cheryl J Jacobson; 5 Feb: obs. David Clark (possibly the same individual seen roughly an hour earlier in the morning roughly 13 miles away at Grandview NP in Hampton, ph. Rob Bielawski, as it was observed following a ship through the channel between Island 1 & 2 and had disappeared from Grandview); Feb (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Linda Chittum, Ananda Kalukin & Frederick Atwood); 18 Feb: North Thimble Island (ph. David Youker, James Abbott, Lorraine Austin, Robert Peterman, Rochelle Colestock, Harry Colestock, Stuart Sweetman, Elizabeth Wilkins & Andrew Hawkins); 22 Feb: ph. Courtney Check.].

White-crowned Sparrow (Gambel’s) (Zonotrichia leucophrys gambellii): 1, Back Bay NWR, 13 Nov 2016-19 Feb 2017 (ph. Linda Chittum). [Though this individual was first reported 13 Nov 2016, it is likely that is has been present at the location and simply overlooked since there has been a group of 4 juvenile White-crowned Sparrows present since at least 29 Oct 2016 in the field to the northeast of the visitor contact station parking area. Additional reports as follows (continuing individual at same location), 22 Jan: ph. Rob Bielawski; 4 Feb: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez & Rob Bielawski; 6 Feb: obs. Robert Ake & Edward Brinkley; 12 Feb: obs. Rob Bielawski; 19 Feb: ph. Baxter Beamer & Tucker Beamer.].

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 1-16, Sherwood Lakes Neighborhood (North Pond), 20 Dec 2015-19 Feb 2017 (ph. Karen Kearney); a peak count of 16 was observed 14 Jan. [The flock seems to move around between the north and south ponds, though the south pond is on private property. Also, a borrow bit to the south of the neighborhood is also likely to hold the birds but this is private property. No parking is allowed on the lake side of the roads, and non-residents are not permitted on the sidewalk that goes around the east side of the north pond. Additional reports (all same location) as follows, 20 Dec: 1 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty); 21 Dec: 1 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez), 1 (obs. Andrew Baldelli), 1 (obs. Mike Collins); 31 Dec: 11 (obs. Tony Wood), 10 (ph. Pamela Monahan), 7 (ph. James Fox, Nicholas Newberry & Matt Anthony); 1 Jan: 15 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate); 3 Jan: 12 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty), 3 (obs. Mary Catherine Miguez); 4 Jan: 14 (obs. Tina Trice, Clyde Wilson & Adam D’Onofrio), 13 (obs. Todd Day & James Fox); 5 Jan: 15 (ph. Rob Bielawski); 6 Jan: 2 (obs. Dixie Sommers), 4 (obs. James Marcum), 4 (obs. David Youker); 8 Jan: 3 (obs. Rob Bielawski); 10 Jan: 11 (obs. Mike Collins); 14 Jan: 14 (ph. Jason Strickland), 2 (obs. David Clark), 16 (obs. Clark Olsen & Robert Ake), 10 (obs. Andrew Hawkins), 11 (obs. Ellison Orcutt), 11 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty); 15 Jan: 13 (obs. Jacob Farmer, Sarah Gatto, Nathan Gatto & Jesse Anderson); 4 (obs. Lee Adams & Peggy Eubank), 4 (obs. Debbie Schroeder), 2 (obs. Jeff Lemons); 16 Jan: 12 (obs. James Marcum); 21 Jan: 7 (obs. Tommy Maloney); 29 Jan: 9 (ph. Lisa Rose); 5 Feb: 3 (obs. Bob Swiader); 6 Feb: 10 (obs. Michelle Payne & Lisa Rose); 8 Feb: 11 (obs. Abby Walter & Wes Teets); 9 Feb: 14 (obs. Edward Brinkley & Todd Day); 10 Feb: 2 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty); 11 Feb: 13 (obs. Andrew Elgin, Nicholas Newberry); 12 Feb: 9 (obs. Ryan Graves), 9 (obs. Bill Williams, Brian Taber & David Youker); 18 Feb: 1 (obs. Courtney Check, obs. Ellison Orcutt & Paul Bledell].

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia): 1, Grassmere Court (Private Residence), 18 Feb 2017 (ph. David Didion).

Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope): 1-2, Pleasure House Point NA, 11 Jan-18 Feb 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, Mary Catherine Miguez & Robert Ake); a peak count of 2 at this site was reported 18 Jan. [This is potentially the same individual that has been observed on Wishart Lake to the southwest, since this lake likely froze over during the snowstorm event of 6-7 Jan and the ensuing freezing temperatures through the morning of 11 Jan, however, there is no way to confirm that it is the same individual so I am treating it as a separate record. Additional reports as follows (all at same location), 17 Jan: 1 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty); 18 Jan: 2 (obs. Rexanne Bruno & Andrew Baldelli); 19 Jan: 2 (obs. Mike Collins), 1 (ph. Rob Bielawski), 2 (obs. Tracy Tate); 20 Jan: 1 (ph. Nancy Barnhart), 1 (obs. Tommy Maloney); 30 Jan: 1 (obs. James Marcum); 18 Feb: 1 (obs. Brandon Holland).].

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii): 1-2, Sherwood Lakes Neighborhood (North Pond), 11 Dec 2015-18 Feb 2017 (ph. Ellison Orcutt). [Initial sightings of 7 individuals (ph. Ellison Orcutt, 11 Dec) at Firefall Road agricultural field was never validated though this report is what spurred people to seek this species out in the large, mixed, goose flock that also contained Ross’s & Greater White-fronted Geese at times. Only 1 individual appeared to be confirmed by photograph, but counts up to 7 were reported throughout the known time period of occurrence. Additional reports as follows: 18 Dec: ph. Timothy Barry, Karen & Tom Beatty, Rob Bielawski, Mary Catherine Miguez, Ernie Miller, Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland; 23 Dec: ph. Laura Mae; 26 Dec: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 28 Dec: obs. Robert Ake; 29 Dec: obs. William Leigh; 30 Dec: ph. Ron Furnish & Marie Mullins; 31 Dec: ph. Pamela Monahan, obs. Tommy Maloney, 2 (obs. Matt Anthony, James Fox & Nicholas Newberry); 1 Jan: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Jason Strickland, ph. Lisa Rose, obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, ph. Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. James Marcum; 4 Jan: 2 (obs. Baxter Beamer, Tucker Beamer, Gabriel Mapel, Max Nootbaar, Ezra Staengl & Theo Staengl); 10 Jan: obs. Mike Collins; 15 Jan: ph. Jesse Anderson, Jacob Farmer, Nathan Gatto & Sarah Gatto, obs. Jeff Lemons; 18 Feb: 2 (obs. Ellison Orcutt & Paul Bledell).].

Ancient Murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 6-12 Feb 2017 (obs. Robert Ake & Edward Brinkley). [**Inadvertently photographed 12 Feb (ph. Rob Bielawski) while attempting to photograph a Razorbill on the water a couple hundred yards off the beach at Back Bay NWR, roughly 400 yards south of the northern beach access trail and 275 yards north of the southern beach access trail; not-countable by photographer but documents that this individual is still lingering in the area and continuing to associate with Razorbill(s) on the water’s surface just offshore of the public beach. Occurrence was not realized until evening of 15 Feb when going through photographs of the outing; photos were added to eBird report at the time to alert other birders of its presence.].

Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis): 1, First Landing State Park, 12 Feb 2017 (ph. Lisa Rose). [Potentially a separate individual from the Little Island/Back Bay bird. This individual was observed off the beach at First Landing SP around 9:30 AM, while the Back Bay NWR individual was not observed same morning until 10:20 AM. The First Landing SP individual has not been re-sighted.].

Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla): 1, Oceanfront, 9 Feb 2017 (obs. Todd Day).

Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens): 1, Back Bay NWR, 8 Feb 2017 (ph. Abby Walter & Wes Teets).

Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 8 Feb 2017 (ph. Abby Walter & Wes Teets).

Cattle Egret (Bubulcis ibis): 2, Nanney’s Creek Rd., 7 Feb 2017 (obs. James Marcum).

Great Shearwater (Ardenna gravis): 1, Back Bay NWR, 6 Feb 2017 (obs. Robert Ake & Edward Brinkley).

Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica): 1, Aragona Village Neighborhood (Private), 13 Jan-5 Feb 2017 (ph. Maggee Smith). [Additional reports as follows (all continuing individual at same location by homeowner), 14 Jan, 16 Jan, 17 Jan, 18 Jan, 19 Jan, 20 Jan, 21 Jan, 22 Jan, 23 Jan, 25 Jan, 26 Jan, 27 Jan, 28 Jan, 5 Feb.].

Dark-eyed Junco (Oregon) (Junco hyemalis [oreganus Group]): 1, Lago Mar Neighborhood (Private Residence), 29 Jan 2017 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez).

Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides): 1, South Thimble Island (CBBT), 29 Jan 2017 (ph. Ellison Orcutt). [Additional reports as follows (all 1, South Thimble Island (CBBT), 29 Jan): obs. Cheryl J Jacobson, ph. Tamara Conklin & Eric Alton, obs. Wayne Bell, ph. Kim Harrell & Ellison Orcutt.].

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 2, First Landing SP, 11-12 Jan 2017 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez). 4, Little Island Park, 12 Jan 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty & Mary Catherine Miguez). 19, False Cape SP, 14 Jan 2017 (ph. Hampton Roads Bird Club). [See photograph taken by Jason Strickland]. 2, Back Bay NWR, 15 Jan 2017 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). 10, Pleasure House Point NA, 16 Jan 2017 (obs. Tommy Maloney). 2, Back Bay NWR, 21 Jan 2017 (obs. Robert Ake). 35, Back Bay NWR, 25 Jan 2017 (obs. Back Bay NWR). 4, Little Island Park, 28 Jan 2017 (obs. L Skrabec). 30, Back Bay NWR, 29 Jan 2017 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 2, Pinebrook Dr. (Private), 27 Jan 2017 (ph. Steve Myers).

Cave Swallow (Petrochelidon fulva): 1, 85th Street Beach, 28 Jan 2017 (obs. Adam D’Onofrio & Paul Glass).

Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus): 1, South Thimble Island (CBBT), 24 Jan 2017 (obs. Robert Ake).

Mute Swan (Cygnus olor): 1-3, Back Bay NWR, 14-19 Jan 2017 (ph. Ellison Orcutt); a peak count of 3 reported 15 Jan 2017 but only 1 individual photographically documented. [Additional reports as follows (all at same location), 14 Jan: 1 (ph. Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez); 15 Jan: 3 (obs. Mike Collins), 1 (obs. Jacob Farmer, Sarah Gatto, Nathan Gatto, Cynthia Donaldson, Rob Rogers, Becky Clark & Jesse Anderson), 3 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate), 2 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty); 17 Jan: 1 (obs. Robert Ake); 19 Jan: 1 (obs. James Marcum).].

Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii): 1, Back Bay NWR, 29 Dec 2016-16 Jan 2017 (obs. Edward Brinkley & Paul Sykes). [Additional reports as follows (all continuing individual at same location), 1 Jan: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 4 Jan: obs. Max Nootbaar, Ezra Staengl, Baxter Beamer, Tucker Beamer, Theo Staengl & Gabriel Mapel; 13 Jan: obs. Wes Teets; 14 Jan: ph. Rob Bielawski, obs. Robert Ake, obs. Ellison Orcutt, George Harris, Clark Olsen, Jason Strickland, Stephen Grimes, Andrew Hawkins, James Abbott, Michael Meyer & Robert Peterman, obs. Bryan Barmore & Sharon Burton; 15 Jan: obs. Mike Collins, obs. Tamara Conklin, obs. Rob Rogers & Cynthia Donaldson, obs. Lee Adams; 16 Jan: obs. Janice Frye.].

Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope): 1, Back Bay NWR, 15 Jan 2017 (obs. Lee Adams).

Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea): 1, False Cape SP, 15 Jan 2017 (obs. Jacob Farmer, Sarah Gatto, Nathan Gatto, Cynthia Donaldson, Rob Rogers & Jesse Anderson).

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea): 1, Back Bay NWR, 14 Jan 2017 (obs. Ellison Orcutt).

Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus): 1, First Landing SP, 11 Jan 2017 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez). [Individual was observed near the 64th Street boat ramp.].

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 12 Oct 2016-6 Jan 2017 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty & Rob Bielawski). [This individual was sighted in the septic field north of the Visitor Contact Station and remained in this area through 6 Jan 2017. It was not observed beyond the first snowstorm of the winter which occurred 7 Jan 2017. Back Bay NWR remained closed to the public after this event for several days, opening on Thursday, 12 Jan 2017. Additional reports (all continuing individual at this location) as follows, 13 Oct: ph. Andrew Baldelli, obs. Mike Collins; 19 Oct: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 22 Oct: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 23 Oct: ph. Rob Bielawski & Kim Harrell; 27 Oct: obs. James Marcum, ph. Tina Trice; 30 Oct: ph. Lisa Rose, ph. Matt Anthony & Nicholas Newberry; 5 Nov: obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty & Mary Catherine Miguez; 6 Nov: ph. Rob Bielawski; 7 Nov: ph. Pamela Monahan; 9 Nov: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 11 Nov: ph. Andrew Baldelli & Linda Chittum; 13 Nov: ph. Linda Chittum; 15 Nov: ph. Lauren Maun, Ashlyn Reis, Tyler Haver, Karrah D’Agostino, Shannon Burke, Miranda Stern, Marissa Castillo, Angela Barnes de Boer, Shaila Coker, Michael Hammaker, Spencer Schubert & Toni Dotterer, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez; 16 Nov: ph. Mike Collins; 17 Nov: obs. Mary Catherine Miguez; 19 Nov: ph. Michelle Payne & Lisa Rose; 27 Nov: ph. David Clark, obs. Logan Anderson & George Burruss; 1 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 2 Dec: obs. Robert Ake, obs. Mike Collins, obs. Pamela Monahan; 3 Dec: ph. Adam D’Onofrio & Paul Glass, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 4 Dec: ph. Phil Kenny, Ezra Staengl, Theo Stangl, Russell Taylor, Dixie Sommers, Clyde Wilson & Donna Wilson; 10 Dec: ph. Rob Bielawski, Michelle Payne & Lisa Rose, obs. Adam Sedgley; 11 Dec: obs. Tommy Maloney & Jason Schatti, obs. Bob Swiader, ph. Jeffrey Blalock & Clyde Wilson; 13 Dec: obs. Greg Moyers; 17 Dec: ph. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin; 21 Dec: obs. Alex Dalton, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Andrew Cameron; 23 Dec: obs. Mike Collins; 24 Dec: ph. Ron Furnish & Marie Mullins; 25 Dec: ph. Sharon Lynn; 29 Dec: obs. Becca Ralston, obs. Edward Brinkley & Paul Sykes; 30 Dec: ph. Jerald Reb; 1 Jan: ph. Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. David Clark, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty, obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, ph. Jason Strickland, obs. Ron Furnish & Marie Mullins, obs. Michelle Payne; 2 Jan: obs. Mike Collins; 4 Jan: ph. Max Nootbaar, Ezra Staengl, Baxter Beamer, Tucker Beamer, Theo Staengl & Gabriel Mapel; 5 Jan: obs. Robert Ake, ph. Nancy Barnhart; 6 Jan: ph. Steve Myers, ph. Dixie Sommers, obs. Tommy Maloney.].

Greater White-fronted Goose (Chen rossii): 1-16, Sherwood Lakes Neighborhood (North Pond), 4 Dec 2015-6 Jan 2017 (obs. Julian Smith); a peak count of 16 was observed 6 Jan 2017. [For the first 2 weeks, just a single individual was observed moving around with a Ross’s Goose among the wintering Canada Goose flock between the neighborhood’s north pond, the adjacent fields along Princess Anne Road and Princess Anne Lane, a large agricultural field off of Firefall Drive to the northeast (first observed 8 Dec at this site, obs. James Marcum) and a nearby stormwater management pond surrounded by private residences on Haviland Drive (first logged at this site 13 Dec, ph. Ryan Graves). On the morning of 18 Dec a group of 13 individuals was observed on the fields south of Sherwood Lakes and continued in and around the lake until reports came to a halt. Eventually a peak high count of 16 was reported, though the most ever documented in a single photograph was 13. See photographs taken by Mary Catherine Miguez. No individuals were observed beyond the first snowstorm of the winter which occurred 7 Jan 2017, with snow persisting on the ground for several days after due to continuing sub-freezing temperatures. Additional reports (varying counts and locations) as follows, 6 Dec: ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 7 Dec: ph. Andrew Baldelli & Mary Catherine Miguez; 8 Dec: obs. James Marcum; 10 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty; 11 Dec: ph. Ellison Orcutt; 13 Dec: ph. Ryan Graves; 14 Dec: ph. Nancy Barnhart, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty & Mary Catherine Miguez; 16 Dec: obs. Tommy Maloney, obs. James Marcum, ph. Rob Bielawski; 18 Dec: 13 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, ph. Timothy Barry, Rob Bielawski, Ernie Miller, Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Pamela Monahan, obs. James Marcum, ph. Mary Catherine Miguez); 20 Dec: 12 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty); 21 Dec: 6 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Mary Catherine Miguez), 9 (obs. Rexanne Bruno, ph. Andrew Cameron), 12 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty); 22 Dec: 15 (ph. Lucy Jacobson, ph. Kim Harrell), 14 (ph. Kathy Spencer), 15 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty); 23 Dec: 4 (obs. Steve Myers), 15 (obs. Jason Weaver), 4 (obs. Mike Collins), 8 (ph. Laura Mae), 4 (ph. Susan Remmie), 10 (obs. Pamela Monahan); 25 Dec: 3 (obs. Jeffrey Blalock), 1 (obs. Michelle Payne), 15 (obs. Elisa Flanders); 26 Dec: 14 (obs. Clark Olsen), 8 (ph. Sarah Gustafson), 9 (obs. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin, ph. Pamela Monahan, obs. Tim Pruitt), 8 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty); 28 Dec: 3 (obs. Robert Ake), 15 (obs. Robert Ake), 10 (obs. Amanda Dymacek, Julian Dymacek & Nathan Tea), 15 (ph. Pamela Monahan); 29 Dec: 8 (obs. Rexanne Bruno & Tracy Tate), 12 (ph. Les Willis), 4 (obs. William Leigh); 30 Dec: 4 (ph. Pamela Monahan), 2 (obs. Cheryl J Jacobson), 3 (ph. Ron Furnish & Marie Mullins); 31 Dec: 8 (ph. Timothy Barry), 10 (obs. Tony Wood), 5 (ph. Lynda Blair, ph. Pamela Monahan), 15 (obs. Tommy Maloney); 1 Jan: 7 (obs. Karen & Tom Beatty), 6 (obs. David Clark), 5 (obs. Louis Rajnys), 14 (ph. Jason Strickland, obs. Lisa Rose, obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate, ph. Rob Bielawski & Mary Catherine Miguez), 7 (obs. Ron Furnish & Marie Mullins), 5 (obs. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate), 15 (obs. James Marcum), 1 (obs. Cathy Williamson); 2 Jan: 12 (obs. Tommy Maloney); 4 Jan: 1 (obs. Baxter Beamer, Tucker Beamer, Gabriel Mapel, Max Nootbaar, Ezra Staengl & Theo Staengl), 3 (ph. Loretta Silvia), 11 (ph. Adam D’Onofrio, Tina Trice & Clyde Wilson, obs. Todd Day & James Fox); 5 Jan: 12 (obs. Robert Ake), 1 (ph. Nancy Barnhart), 4 (obs. Mary Catherine Miguez), 5 (obs. Rexanne Bruno); 6 Jan: 16 (obs. Dixie Sommers), 14 (obs. Tommy Maloney). ].

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) : 1, Back Bay NWR, 5 Jan 2017 (ph. Nancy Barnhart).

King Eider (Somateria spectabilis) : 1, South Thimble Island (CBBT), 26 Dec 2016-5 Jan 2017 (obs. Edward Brinkley). [It is possible that this bird continued on the Northampton County side of the CBBT, as a pair of reports on 4 & 11 Feb around Island #3 may be of this same individual. Additional reports (all continuing individual at this location) as follows, 26 Dec: obs. Andrew Baldelli; 27 Dec: obs. Sarah Gustafson; 28 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, Mary Catherine Miguez & Jason Strickland; 1 Jan: obs. Ron Furnish & Marie Mullins, obs. Mary Catherine Miguez; 4 Jan: obs. Karen & Tom Beatty; 5 Jan: obs. Andrew Baldelli).].

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris) : 1, Lago Mar Neighborhood (Private Residence), 2 Jan 2017 (ph. Mary Catherine Miguez).

References

Rottenborn, Stephen C. and Edward S. Brinkley (editors). 2007. Virginia’s Birdlife: An Annotated Checklist. Virginia Society of Ornithology. Virginia            Avifauna No. 7.

Sullivan, B.L., C.L. Wood, M.J. Iliff, R.E. Bonney, D. Fink, and S. Kelling. 2009. eBird: a citizen-based bird observation network in the biological sciences. Biological Conservation 142: 2282-2292.