Status & Distribution - Noteworthy Observations

2019 - 2018 - 2017

The intent of this listing is to provide up-to-date information on all the 'noteworthy' species that are being observed within Virginia Beach. For a table displaying the criteria for inclusion on this page, please see the Noteworthy Observations Criteria Page! Please note that species names listed in all capital letters refer to species that are also included on the review list of Virginia’s state records committee, VARCOM, for the specific location each was observed. Clicking on any text hyperlinks will take you directly to eBird reports where more information is likely to have been logged by the user (such as a more refined location or description of how to observe the rarity). If you'd like to open these links in a new tab, just click your mouse's roll-wheel over the links (continue clicking on separate links and each will load in its own browser tab for viewing). To search this page for a particular species, type CTRL+F, then start typing the species name it your browser should jump to the information you're seeking. Often times, information is passed to me via Facebook, text message, or phone calls and I try to keep this updated whenever I'm available to input the data. Please check back frequently to stay up to date!

Active Within Last Month - Updated 17 Sep 2019

Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 16 Sep 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 1-9, Stumpy Lake NA, 21 Apr-16 Sep 2019 (2, ph. Stephen Keith). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 21 Apr: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2); 22 Apr: vis. Bob Swiader (1), ph. Rob Bielawski / Tommy Maloney / Cindy Hamilton (1), ph. Steve Myers (2), vis. Jacob Flynn (2); 23 Apr: vis. Louis Rajnys (1), vis. Clark Olsen (1); 24 Apr: ph. Jonathan Snyder (1), vis. James Marcum (1), vis. Andrew Baldelli (6), vis. Steve Myers (1), ph. Jonathan Snyder (3), ph. Kathy Spencer (1); 25 Apr: ph. Jonathan Snyder (1), ph. Stephen Mutchnick (1); 26 Apr: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (3), ph. Steve Myers (2); 27 Apr: ph. Rob Bielawski (2), vis. Steve Myers (1), ph. Loretta Silvia & Heidi Young (1), vis. Kerry & Tommy Maloney (3); 28 Apr: ph. Prashant A (3), ph. Charlie Bruggemann (1); 30 Apr: ph. Jonathan Snyder (3), vis. Bob Swiader (3); 1 May: vis. Reuben Rohn (2), ph. Jonathan Snyder (1); 2 May: vis. Jonathan Snyder (2); 3 May: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2); 4 May: vis. Jacob Flynn (2), vis. James Flynn (1), ph. Rob Bielawski (1), vis. Jonathan Snyder (1), vis. Andrew Baldelli & Jason Strickland (1); 6 May: vis. Jonathan Snyder (2), ph. Charlie Bruggemann (1); 7 May: vis. Reuben Rohn (1), vis. Bill Reddinger (1); 10 May: vis. Reuben Rohn (2); 11 May: vis. Steve Myers (2); 13 May: ph. June McDaniels (1); 15 May: vis. Reuben Rohn (2), vis. Jonathan Snyder (2), vis. Prashant A (2); 16 May: ph. Tommy Maloney (2), vis. Tommy Maloney (1); 17 May: ph. Kathy Louthan (1), ph. Prashant A (1); 18 May: ph. Betty Sue Cohen (2), ph. Charlie Bruggemann (1); 19 May: vis. Joyce Lowry (1); 20 May: ph. Charlie Bruggemann (2), vis. Reuben Rohn (2), vis. Jonathan Snyder (2); 21 May: ph. Pamela Monahan (1); 23 May: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1), vis. Greg Moyers (1), ph. Pamela Monahan (1); 25 May: ph. Will McPhail (4), ph. Joe Girgente (3); 26 May: vis. Wes Teets (1); 28 May: vis. Reuben Rohn (2), ph. Luke Fultz & Karl Suttmann (9), ph. Rob Bielawski (2); 1 Jun: vis. Brandon Holland (2); 2 Jun: ph. Rob Bielawski (1); 3 Jun: ph. Charlie Bruggemann & Reuben Rohn (1), vis. Robert Ake & John Pancake (1), vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 4 Jun: ph. Jonathan Snyder (3), vis. Karen & Tom Beatty (1); 5 Jun: vis. Reuben Rohn (2), vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 6 Jun: ph. Kent Millham (2); 7 Jun: vis. Andrew Baldelli (2), ph. Jonathan Snyder (1), ph. Steve Myers (1); 8 Jun: ph. Kent Millham (1); 11 Jun: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 12 Jun: ph. Charlie Bruggemann (3); 13 Jun: ph. Kent Millham & Susan Roberts (1); 14 Jun: vis. Rob Bielawski (1); 15 Jun: vis. Charlie Bruggemann (1); 17 Jun: vis. Prashant A (2); 18 Jun: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 19 Jun: ph. Reuben Rohn (2), ph. Jonathan Snyder (1), vis. Ty Smith & Evan Spears (1, at Stumpy Lake Pier); 20 Jun: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 21 Jun: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 24 Jun: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1), vis. Kyle Bixler (1); 25 Jun: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 1 Jul: vis. Reuben Rohn (3); 2 Jul: ph. Rob Bielawski (1); 4 Jul: ph. Jonathan Snyder (3), ph. David Clark (2), vis. Bill Oyler (1); 11 Jul: ph. Jonathan Snyder (3); 12 Jul: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2), ph. Pamela Monahan (2), vis. Logan Anderson / Aylett Lipford / Doug & Sally Pfeiffer / Andrew Rapp (2); 13 Jul: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 15 Jul: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1), vis. Reuben Rohn (3), vis. Pamela Monahan (3); 16 Jul: ph. Pamela Monahan (2), ph. Betty Sue Cohen (4); 17 Jul: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2), vis. Conor Farrell (2); 18 Jul: ph. Jonathan Snyder (1), ph. Pamela Monahan (4), vis. June McDaniels (1), vis. Jacob Flynn (2); 19 Jul: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1), ph. Pamela Monahan (3); 21 Jul: ph. Candice Lowther (3); 22 Jul: ph. Jonathan Snyder (4), ph. Reuben Rohn (3); 23 Jul: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2), ph. Stephen Keith (5), vis. Pamela Monahan (1, at Stumpy Lake Pier), vis. Pamela Monahan (4); 24 Jul: vis. Stephen Keith (2), ph. Jonathan Snyder (3), ph. Jacob Flynn (1); 25 Jul: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 26 Jul: vis. Jonathan Snyder (5); 27 Jul: ph. Laura Mae (2), ph. Rob Bielawski (2), ph. Tim Pruitt (2); 29 Jul: ph. Jonathan Snyder (6), ph. Stephen Keith (4); 30 Jul: ph. Jonathan Snyder (6); 31 Jul: vis. Jonathan Snyder (3), vis. Pamela Monahan (4); 1 Aug: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2), ph. Jonathan Snyder (2); 2 Aug: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2), vis. Stephen Keith (3); 3 Aug: ph. Rob Bielawski (5), ph. David Clark (7); 4 Aug: vis. Reuben Rohn (3); 5 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1), vis. Reuben Rohn (1), ph. Jonathan Snyder (3); 6 Aug: ph. Jonathan Snyder (4); 7 Aug: ph. Jonathan Snyder (3), vis. Dixie Sommers (2); 8 Aug: ph. Jonathan Snyder (3); 9 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 10 Aug: vis. Prashant A (4); 11 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 12 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (3), vis. Reuben Rohn (1); 13 Aug: ph. Pamela Monahan (4), ph. Jonathan Snyder (1); 14 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (3), ph. Kent Millham (1); 15 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (2); 19 Aug: vis. Kathy Spencer (1); 20 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (2), vis. Winston Barham (2); 21 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 22 Aug: vis. Reuben Rohn (2), vis. Jonathan Snyder (2); 23 Aug: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2), vis. Pamela Monahan (3); 25 Aug: ph. Betty Sue Cohen (2), ph. Jonathan Snyder (1); 26 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (3), vis. Steve Myers (3), vis. Shawn Callahan (1), vis. Stephen Keith (3); 27 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 28 Aug: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 29 Aug: vis. Reuben Rohn (1), vis. Jonathan Snyder (2); 1 Sep: vis. George Harris (1), vis. Chris Monahan (1), vis. Jonathan Snyder (1), vis. Reuben Rohn (3), ph. Stephen Keith (1); 3 Sep: ph. Rob Bielawski (1); 5 Sep: ph. Jonathan Snyder (3); 8 Sep: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 9 Sep: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2), vis. Reuben Rohn (1), vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 10 Sep: ph. Jonathan Snyder (1); 12 Sep: vis. Jonathan Snyder (1); 16 Sep: ph. Jonathan Snyder (2), vis. Reuben Rohn (3), ph. Stephen Keith (2).].

Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum): 1, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 14 Sep 2019 (vis. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina): 1 adult male, First Landing SP, 23 Jun-14 Sep 2019 (ph. June McDaniels). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 28 Jun: aud. June McDaniels; 2 Jul: aud. June McDaniels; 7 Jul: aud. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels; 13 Jul: a.r. Rob Bielawski; 14 Sep: aud. June McDaniels.].

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa): 1, Back Bay NWR, 13 Sep 2019 (ph. Eric Alton). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 13 Sep: vis. Robert Ake & Drew Avery.].

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1-2, Little Island Park, 8 Sep 2019 (2, vis. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 8 Sep: vis. Tommy Maloney (1).].

Jaeger sp. (Stercorarius sp.): 1, Little Island Park, 8 Sep 2019 (1, vis. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 8 Sep: vis. Tommy Maloney (1).].

Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum): 1, Bellamy Manor (Private Residence), 7 Sep 2019 (ph. Una Davenhill).

ROSEATE TERN (Sterna dougallii): 1, Lynnhaven Inlet, 6 Sep 2019 (ph. Andrew Rapp). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 6 Sep: ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann, ph. Mike Collins, vis. Ellison Orcutt, ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski.].

Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus): 2-6, Lynnhaven Inlet, 6 Sep 2019 (2, vis. Todd Day & Ian Topolsky). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 6 Sep: vis. Ellison Orcutt (6).].

Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus): 109, Fort Story JEB (Restricted Access), 6 Sep 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann).

SOOTY TERN (Onychoprion fuscatus): 1-2 (1 adult & 1 immature), Lynnhaven Inlet, 6 Sep 2019 (2, ph. Todd Day & Ian Topolsky). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 6 Sep: vis. Louis Rajnys (1 immature), ph. Matt Anthony / Nick Newberry / Andrew Rapp (2), ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann (2), ph. Mike Collins (2).].

Black Tern (Chlidonias niger): 2, Stumpy Lake Pier, 6 Sep 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann).

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo): 2, Stumpy Lake Pier, 6 Sep 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann).

Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis): 1, Stumpy Lake Pier, 6 Sep 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann).

Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis): 1, Lake Trashmore, 6 Sep 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann).

Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis): 2, Lake Windsor, 6 Sep 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann).

Black Tern (Chlidonias niger): 2-12, Little Creek Reservoir, 6 Sep 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 6 Sep: vis. Todd Day & Ian Topolsky.].

Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis): 1, Little Creek Reservoir, 6 Sep 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann).

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo): 1-6, Little Creek Reservoir, 6 Sep 2019 (1, vis. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 6 Sep: vis. Todd Day & Ian Topolsky (6)].

Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus): 23, Little Creek Reservoir, 6 Sep 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli / Rob Bielawski / Karl Suttmann).

SABINE’S GULL (Xema sabini): 1 immature, Lynnhaven Inlet, 6 Sep 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski).

Pomarine Jaeger (Stercorarius pomarinus): 1 dark morph, Sandbridge, 2 Sep 2019 (vis. David Clark).

Jeager sp. (Stercorarius sp.): 1 dark morph, First Landing SP, 2 Sep 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Cory’s Shearwater (Calonectris diomedia): 26, Virginia Beach Offshore Waters, 31 Aug 2019 (ph. Matt Anthony / Rob Bielawski / Edward Brinkley / James Fox / Nick Newberry / Jason Strickland).

Audubon’s Shearwater (Puffinus lherminieri): 1, Virginia Beach Offshore Waters, 31 Aug 2019 (vis. Matt Anthony & Nick Newberry).

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa): 1, Dam Neck Naval Annex (Restricted Access), 30 Aug 2019 (ph. Paul Block). [Note: This could potentially be the same individual observed flying south past Rudee Inlet on on 24 Aug, see information below. However, since there is no way to be certain and since this occurred at a separate location I am listing this as a separate record.].

Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota): 1, Back Bay NWR, 29 Aug 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata): 1, Muddy Creek Rd. at Shipps Cabin Rd., 23-25 Aug 2019 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 23 Aug: ph. Rob Bielawski, vis. Rob Bielawski; 25 Aug: ph. Tommy Maloney, ph. Rob Bielawski, vis. Karen & Tom Beatty.].

Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica): 1, Bellamy Manor (Private Residence), 24 Aug 2019 (ph. Una Davenhill).

Black Scoter (Melanitta americana): 5, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 24 Aug 2019 (ph. Steve Myers).

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa): 1, Rudee Inlet, 24 Aug 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Black Scoter (Melanitta americana): 3, Back Bay NWR, 24 Aug 2019 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis): 1, Pleasure House Point NA, 31 May-18 Aug 2019 (vis. Bob Swiader). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 15 Jun: obs. Debbie Schroeder; 21 Jun: vis. June McDaniels; 1 Aug: vis. Andrew Baldelli; 10 Aug: obs. Jeff Souther; 18 Aug: ph. Rob Bielawski, vis. Tommy Maloney.].

2019 Rarities (Not Observed Within the Last Month)

Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata): 1, Back Bay NWR, 6 Aug 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli). [Observed on the C Storage Pool during the thrice monthly refuge survey.].

Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis): 1, Marsh View Park, 4 Aug 2019 (ph. Stephen Keith).

Common Eider (Somateria mollissima): 1 adult female, Rudee Inlet, 16 Jun-3 Aug 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli). [This is believed to be the same individual that has lingered into the summer at Lynnhaven Inlet. Additional reports at this location as follows, 11 Jul: ph. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center; 12 Jul: ph. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center; 15 Jul: ph. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center; 17 Jul: vis. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center; 24 Jul: vis. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center, vis. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center; 25 Jul: vis. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center, ph. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center; 26 Jul: vis. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center; 3 Aug: ph. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center.].

Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis): 1, Mt. Trashmore Park, 1 Aug 2019 (vis. Jason Schatti).

American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana): 1, Back Bay NWR, 25 Jul 2019 (ph. Charlie Bruggemann).

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 1, Rock Creek Recreation Area (Private), 1-25 Jul 2019 (ph. Pamela Monahan). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 4 Jul: ph. Rob Bielawski; 25 Jul: ph. Pamela Monahan (1).].

American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 5 Jun-14 Jul 2019 (vis. Robert Ake). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 14 Jul: vis. Andrew Baldelli.].

Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus): 1-3, Ashville Park, 19 Jun-6 Jul 2019 (2, a.r. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports at this location as follow, 19 Jun: aud. Andrew Baldelli (1); 20 Jun: a.r. & vis. Rob Bielawski (2), a.r. & vis. Steve Myers (1); 21 Jun: vis. James Marcum (1); 22 Jun: ph. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels (1); 29 Jun: aud. Tommy Maloney (1); 1 Jul: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (3), ph. Andrew Baldelli (3), vis. & aud. Rob Bielawski (2); 2 Jul: ph. Emily Johnson & Nathaniel Watkins (2); 5 Jul: ph. & a.r. Reuben Rohn (2); 6 Jul: ph. Rob Bielawski (2).].

American Black Duck (Anas rubripes): 1, Pleasure House Point NA, 5 Jul 2019 (vis. Adam Sell).

Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata): 1, False Cape SP, 5 Jul 2019 (ph. Drew Avery & Edward Brinkley).

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo): 1, Adventureworks Wetland Zipline Park, 3 Jul 2019 (vis. Shawn Callahan).

Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola): 1 female, First Landing SP, 24 Jun 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli).

Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata): 3-5, Rudee Inlet, 6-24 Jun 2019 (ph. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 23 Jun: vis. Christopher Butzgy (5); 24 Jun: ph. Christopher Butzgy (3).].

Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis): 1, Alanton, 23 Jun 2019 (ph. Wendy Anoia).

Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum): 1-2, Mansfield Farm, 19-23 Jun 2019 (1, ph. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 19 Jun: vis. Mike Collins (1), a.r. & ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (2), aud. & vis. Brandon Holland (1), a.r. Rob Bielawski (1); 20 Jun: ph. Steve Myers (1); 21 Jun: aud. & vis. James Marcum (1); 23 Jun: ph. Tommy Maloney (1).].

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 1 adult male, North Landing Bridge, 19 Jun 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli).

Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris): 2, NAS Oceana (Restricted Access), 17 Jun 2019 (vis. Karl Suttmann).

American Woodcock (Scolopax minor): 14 Jun 2019 (vis. Bill Reddinger).

Dunlin (Calidris alpina): 1, Back Bay NWR, 14 Jun 2019 (vis. Robert Ake).

Northern Gannet (Morus bassanus): 1 immature, Back Bay NWR, 14 Jun 2019 (vis. Robert Ake).

Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps): 1, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 11 Jun 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus): 2, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 11 Jun 2019 (vis. Karen & Tom Beatty).

LEACH’S STORM-PETREL (Oceanodroma leucorhoa): 1, Back Bay NWR, 9 Jun 2019 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis): 10, North Witchduck Lakes, 6 Jun 2019 (ph. Candice Jackson fide Justin Fuller).

Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata): 1 adult male, Fort Story JEB, 6 Jun 2019 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus): 3, 85th Street Beach, 6 Jun 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus): 1, Thalia, 6 Jun 2019 (vis. Brandon Holland).

Common Eider (Somateria mollissima): 1 adult female, Lynnhaven Inlet, 30 Apr-5 Jun 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follow, 5 Jun: ph. Andrew Baldelli.].

Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps): 1-4, Back Bay NWR, 24 May-5 Jun 2019 (1-2, vis. Drew Avery & Tracy Tate). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 5 Jun: vis. Robert Ake.].

Eastern Towhee (White-eyed) (Pipilo erythrophthalmus alleni/rileyi): 1 male, Back Bay NWR, 9 May-4 Jun 2019 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 15 May: ph. Stephen Keith; 4 Jun: a.r. & ph. Karen & Tom Beatty.].

Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus): 1, First Landing SP, 2 Jun 2019 (ph. June McDaniels).

Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia): 3, Back Bay NWR, 2 Jun 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli & Mike Collins).

ROSEATE TERN (Sterna dougallii): 1, Back Bay NWR, 1 Jun 2019 (ph. Rob Bielawski & Lisa Rose).

Alder/Willow Flycatcher (Traill’s Flycatcher) (Empidonax alnorum/traillii): 1, Back Bay NWR, 24-31 May 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli & ph. Charlie Bruggemann). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 31 May: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty.].

Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanites oceanicus): 9, Virginia Beach Offshore Waters, 30 May 2019 (vis. Rob Bielawski / Edward Brinkley / Todd Day / James Fox / Nick Newberry / Jason Strickland).

Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 29 May 2019 (independently ph. Reuben Rohn & vis. Jojo Morelli).

Common Eider (Somateria mollissima): 1 immature male, Fort Story JEB, 27 May 2019 (ph. Luke Fultz & Karl Suttmann).

Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis): 1, Back Bay NWR, 24 May 2019 (vis. Drew Avery & Tracy Tate).

Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata): 1, False Cape SP, 24 May 2019 (vis. Drew Avery & Tracy Tate).

SOOTY SHEARWATER (Ardenna grisea): 2, Back Bay NWR, 22 May 2019 (ph. Steve Myers).

SOOTY SHEARWATER (Ardenna grisea): 3, Rudee Inlet, 22 May 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

MAGNIFICENT FRIGATEBIRD (Fregata magnificens): 1 immature, Sandbridge, 20-21 May 2019 (independently vis. Scott Walker and ph. Judith Murphy). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 21 May: vis. Allen Cumbia.].

Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis): 3-4, Mt. Trashmore Park, 16-20 May 2019 (4, vis. Steve Myers). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 20 May: vis. Gary Griffith (3).].

Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus): 1, Back Bay NWR, 18 May 2019 (ph. Tommy Maloney). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 18 May: ph. Rob Bielawski.].

Wilson’s Warbler (Cardellina pusilla): 1, Back Bay NWR, 15 May 2019 (vis. Bob Swiader).

Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus): 1, Tidewater Arboretum (Virginia Tech Display Gardens), 15 May 2019 (obs. Edward Brinkley).

BICKNELL’S THRUSH (Catharus bicknelli): 1, Tidewater Arboretum (Virginia Tech Display Gardens), 14-15 May 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli, later a.r. & ph. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 15 May: obs. Edward Brinkley.].

Blackburnian Warbler (Setophaga fusca): 1, Pleasure House Point NA, 11-13 May 2019 (ph. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 13 May: vis. Tracy Tate, vis. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Steve Myers, ph. Tommy Maloney.].

Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus): 1, Lynnhaven Inlet, 10 May 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 12, 85th Street Beach, 9 May 2019 (vis. Tracy Tate).

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 1, 85th Street Beach, 9 May 2019 (vis. Tracy Tate).

American Pipit (Anthus rubescens): 1, Oceana NAS (Restricted Access), 8 May 2019 (ph. Karl Suttmann).

Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum): 1, Foxfire Park, 8 May 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris): 1, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 4-5 May 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli & Jason Strickland). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 4 May: ph. Rob Bielawski; 5 May: ph. Rob Bielawski.].

ROSEATE SPOONBILL (Platalea ajaja): 1, Back Bay NWR, 4 May 2019 (ph. Jacob & James Flynn).

Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis): 1, Back Bay NWR, 4 May 2019 (ph. Garrett Sisk).

Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus): 1, Marina Shores, 3 May 2019 (ph. June McDaniels). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 3 May: ph. Cindy Hamilton, ph. Kathy Spencer.].

Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica): 1, Chic’s Beach, 30 Apr 2019 (vis. Kathy Spencer).

Orange-crowned Warbler (Leiothlypis celata): 1, Tidewater Arboretum (Virginia Tech Display Gardens), 30 Apr 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera): 1, Back Bay NWR, 28 Apr 2019 (ph. & a.r. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 28 Apr: ph. Mike Collins, vis. Karl Suttmann, vis. Eric Alton & Tammy Conklin, vis. Tommy Maloney.].

Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus): 2, Back Bay NWR, 25-28 Apr 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Edward Brinkley). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 28 Apr: ph. Karl Suttmann (2).].

BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING-DUCK (Dendrocygna autumnalis): 1, Back Bay NWR, 27 Apr 2019 (ph. June McDaniels).

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis): 1, Tidewater Arboretum (Virginia Tech Display Gardens), 26 Apr 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1 adult, Tidewater Arboretum (Virginia Tech Display Gardens), 26 Apr 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli).

Kentucky Warbler (Geothlypis formosa): 1, Stumpy Lake NA, 26 Apr 2019 (aud. & vis. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina): 1, Stumpy Lake NA, 24 Apr 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Orange-crowned Warbler (Leiothlypis celata): 1, Burton Station Rd., 24 Apr 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 12, Little Island Park, 20 Apr 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski).

Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga): 2, Hunt Club Forest (Private Residence), 18 Apr 2019 (vis. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus): 1, Thoroughgood, 18 Apr 2019 (vis. Tracy Tate).

Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum): 1, Lynnhaven Parkway at Guardian Lane, 17 Apr 2019 (ph. David Clark).

Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla): 1, Stumpy Lake NA, 16 Apr 2019 (vis. Tom Beatty).

Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorum): 1, Tim Rd., 16 Apr 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis): 1, Muddy Creek Rd. at Shipps Cabin Rd., 14 Apr 2019 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Please note that it is possible that this is the same individual as one observed flying north over Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract back on 3 Mar by Steve Myers, but since the time separation is so large and this is a new location it is being listed as a new record. Additional reports at this location as follows, 14 Apr: ph. Rob & Ruth Bielawski, ph. Kerry, Tom & Tommy Maloney, vis. Karl Suttmann, ph. Jonathan Snyder, ph. Jonathan Snyder & Amresh Vaidya, vis. Louis Rajnys, ph. Michelle Payne & Lisa Rose.].

Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius): 1 adult male, Flanagans Ln., 14 Apr 2019 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo): 1, London Bridge Rd., 13 Apr 2019 (vis. Loretta Silvia).

Clapper Rail (Rallus crepitans): 1, Stallion Village, 9 Apr 2019 (ph. Elena Bersani). [This interesting out-of-habitat record likely pertains to a disoriented migrant.]. 

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus): 1, First Landing SP, 8 Apr 2019 (ph. June McDaniels).

TUFTED DUCK (Aythya fuligula): 1 male, Back Bay NWR, 6-8 Apr 2019 (ph. Steve Myers). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 6 Apr: ph. Andrew Baldelli, vis. Doug Marcum, vis. Ellison Orcutt, ph. Ernie Miller, ph. Tracy Tate; 7 Apr: ph. Conor Farrell, vis. Stephen Keith, ph. Ken & Nancy Barnhart, ph. Rob Bielawski; 8 Apr: vis. Marie D’Auteuil, ph. Steve Myers.].

Harlequin Duck (Histrionicus histrionicus): 1 immature male, Lynnhaven Inlet, 31 Dec 2018-6 Apr 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli, Linda Chittum & Lisa Rose). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 31 Dec: ph. Adam D’Onofrio & Loretta Silvia, vis. Adam D’Onofrio & Loretta Silvia; 12 Jan: ph. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski (viewed initially from Pleasure House Point NA, photographs taken from east side of Lynnhaven Inlet); 26 Jan: ph. Guy Babineau & Rogard Ross; 3 Feb: ph. Bryan Barmore / Nancy Barnhart / Rexanne Bruno / Harry & Rochelle Colestock / Judy Jones / Carson Lambert / Diane Lepkowski / Kathy Louthan / Patty Maloney / George Martin / Casey McLaughlin / Greg Moyers / Ellison Orcutt / Andrew Rapp / Ezra Staengl / Theo Staengl / Jason Strickland / Paul Sumner / Matt Wangerin (Williamsburg Bird Club boat trip); 7 Feb: vis. Sahas Barve, William Muhic & Russell Winter, vis. Cindy Hamilton; 10 Feb: ph. Prashant A; 11 Feb: ph. June McDaniels, vis. Jessica Klotz; 18 Feb: ph. June McDaniels, vis. Michael Linz & Patty McLean; 19 Feb: ph. Steve Myers; 20 Feb: vis. Tommy Maloney, vis. Rob Bielawski; 25 Feb: ph. Baxter Beamer; 4 Mar: ph. June McDaniels; 2 Apr: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, vis. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Kerry Maloney, vis. Robert Wood, ph. Rob Bielawski, vis. Steve Myers; 3 Apr: vis. Reuben Rohn, vis. Kathy Spencer, ph. Steve Myers; 6 Apr: vis. Conor Farrell.].

Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus): 1-2, Back Bay NWR, 5 Apr 2019 (vis. Robert Ake & Tracy Tate). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 5 Apr: ph. Rob Bielawski (2).].

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus): 1-3, Back Bay NWR, 17 Feb-5 Apr 2019 (1, Richmond Audubon Society field trip; aud. Kathy Louthan / Virginia Mathewson / James Shelton / Len Smock / Tripp Stover / Wes Teets). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 15 Mar: obs. Edward Brinkley (1); 3 Apr: ph. Robert Wood (3); 5 Apr: vis. Robert Ake & Tracy Tate (1).].

American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus): 1, Owl’s Creek / Virginia Aquarium, 2 Apr 2019 (vis. Deborah Doherty).

Iceland Gull (Kumlien’s) (Larus glaucoides kumlieni): 1 adult, Little Island Park, 1 Apr 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1-3 females, Church Point, 21 Jan-28 Mar 2019 (1 female, vis. Tracy Tate). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 28 Feb: vis. Tracy Tate (1 female); 4 Mar: vis. Tracy Tate (3 females); 28 Mar: vis. Tracy Tate (1 female).].

Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melopsiza lincolnii): 1, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 10 Feb-24 Mar 2019 (ph. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 24 Mar: ph. Rob Bielawski, vis. Andrew Baldelli.].

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1-3, South Shore Estates (Private Residence), 28 Nov 2018-23 Mar 2019 (1, vis. James Marcum). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 6 Jan: vis. James Marcum (2); 4 Feb: vis. James Marcum (3); 16 Mar: vis. James Marcum (1 female); 23 Mar: obs. James Marcum (1).].

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia): 1, Great Neck Estates (Private Residence), 11 Jan-22 Mar 2019 (vis. J.A.). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 5 Feb: vis. J.A.; 18 Feb: vis. J.A., vis. J.A.; 25 Feb: vis. J.A.; 19 Mar: vis. J.A.; 22  Mar: vis. J.A..].

Iceland Gull (Kumlien’s) (Larus glaucoides kumlieni): 1 adult, 39th St. Beach, 27 Dec 2018-18 Mar 2019 (ph. Linda Chittum & Ada Jones). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 4 Jan: ph. Andrew Baldelli & Kathy Louthan, ph. Rob Bielawski; 17 Jan: vis. Karen & Tom Beatty (Rudee Inlet); 26 Jan: ph. Kathy Richardson (85th Street Beach); 13 Mar: vis. Andrew Baldelli (57th Street Beach); 14 Mar: ph. Steve Myers (57th Street Beach); 18 Mar: ph. June McDaniels (55th Street Beach).].

Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica): 1, Pembroke Manor (Private Residence), 28 Feb-16 Mar (ph. Maggee Smith; previously had been present at location 6-10 Dec 2018). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 1 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith, ph. Maggee Smith; 2 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith, ph. Maggee Smith; 3 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith, ph. Maggee Smith, ph. Maggee Smith; 4 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith; 5 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith, ph. Maggee Smith, ph. Maggee Smith; 6 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith; 7 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith; 8 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith; 9 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith, ph. Maggee Smith; 11 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith; 12 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith; 13 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith; 14 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith, ph. Maggee Smith; 16 Mar: ph. Maggee Smith, ph. Maggee Smith.].

Iceland Gull (Kumlien’s) (Larus glaucoides kumlieni): 1 immature, 88th Street Beach, 6 Jan-16 Mar 2019 (ph. Nathaniel Abrahams / Logan Anderson / Carson Lambert / Andrew Rapp / Garrett Rhyne / Sam Simon / Robert Wood). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 6 Jan: vis. Marie & Ron Furnish; 16 Mar: ph. Nancy Barnhart / Jan Lockwood / Joyce Lowry / Tara Malloy / George Martin / Catherine Millar / Sue Mutell / Andrew Rapp / Rose Ryan (Williamsburg Bird Club Field Trip – 85th Street Beach).].

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis): 1, Back Bay NWR, 13-15 Mar 2019 (ph. Reuben Rohn). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 15 Mar: obs. Edward Brinkley.]. Ross’s Goose (Anser rossii): 1, Princess Anne WMA Beasley Tract, 10 Mar 2019 (ph. Rob Bielawski).

Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea): 2, Princess Anne WMA Beasley Tract, 10 Mar 2019 (1 adult, vis. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 10 Mar: vis. Karl Suttmann (1 immature), ph. Rob Bielawski (1 immature).].

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1 female, Linkhorn Estates (Private Residence), 10 Mar 2019 (ph. Cindy Hamilton).

Brant (Branta bernicla): 11-72, Oceana NAS, 11 Jan-10 Mar 2019 (16, ph. Stephen Keith). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 11 Jan: ph. Rob Bielawski (17); 12 Jan: vis. James Marcum (21), vis. Tommy Maloney (21); 14 Jan: vis. Karl Suttmann (41); 28 Jan: vis. James Marcum (24); 29 Jan: ph. Karl Suttmann (72); 20 Feb: vis. Karl Suttmann (24); 3 Mar: vis. Jason Schatti (50); 11 Mar: vis. Tommy Maloney (11).].

BREWER’S BLACKBIRD (Euphagus cyanocephalus): 1-18, Breeze Farms (Private Residence), 1 Jan-10 Mar 2019 (7, vis. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 2 Jan: vis. Karen & Tom Beatty (4), ph. Steve Myers (1); 4 Jan: vis. Kathy Louthan (2); 5 Jan: ph. Logan Anderson & Garrett Rhyne (13); 6 Jan: vis. Baxter & Tucker Beamer / Conor Farrell / Eli & Ira Lianez / Max Nootbaar / Martina Nordstrand / Ezra & Theo Staengl (6), ph. Carson Lambert / Andrew Rapp / Robert Wood, vis. Eric Alton & Tamara Conklin; 13 Jan: vis. Andrew Baldelli & Rob Bielawski (12); 24 Feb: ph. Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland (3), ph. Rob Bielawski (3); 26 Feb: ph. Will McPhail (6); 27 Feb: vis. Cindy Hamilton (6); 8 Mar: ph. Regina Schwabe / Ty Smith / Evan Spears (18); 9 Mar: vis. Wes Teets (10); 10 Mar: ph. Nancy Barnhart / Shirley Devan / Jan Lockwood / Joyce Lowry (4).].

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1 male & 1 female, Kings Grant (Private Residence), 9 Mar 2019 (vis. Marie & Ron Furnish).

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1 male & 1 female, Laurel Cove (Private Residence), 27 Jan-8 Mar 2019 (1 male, ph. Loretta Silvia). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 4 Feb: ph. Loretta Silvia (1 female); 26 Feb: ph. Loretta Silvia (1 female); 8 Mar: vis. Loretta Silvia (1 female).].

Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor): 1, Pleasure House Point NA, 7 Mar 2019 (vis. Eric Alton).

Ross’s Goose (Anser rossii): 1-2, Muddy Creek Rd., 4-5 Mar 2019 (1, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 5 Mar: vis. Andrew Baldelli (2).]. 

Eurasian Wigeon (Mareca penelope): 1 male, Long Creek, 27 Jan-5 Mar 2019 (ph. Michelle Payne). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 4 Mar: ph. June McDaniels, ph. Andrew Baldelli; 5 Mar: ph. Cindy Hamilton.].

Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena): 1, Lake Tecumseh (Restricted Access), 4 Mar 2019 (vis. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis): 1, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 3 Mar 2019 (ph. Steve Myers). [See also record for 14 Apr 2019 of one individual found by Karen & Tom Beatty along Muddy Creek Road; it is possible this was the same individual but is being treated as a separate record.].

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia): 1, Stumpy Lake NA, 15 Jan-28 Feb 2019 (ph. Steve Myers). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 16 Jan: ph. Karen Beatty; 17 Jan: vis. Tom Beatty; 26 Jan: ph. Alexandra Munters & Tim van der Meer; 10 Feb: ph. Reuben Rohn; 26 Feb: ph. Steve Myers; 28 Feb: ph. June McDaniels.].

Barn Owl (Tyto alba): 1, Pleasure House Point NA, 27 Feb 2019 (vis. Ezra & Theo Staengl, vis. Shawn Kurtzman).

Brant (Branta bernicla): 34, Great Neck MS, 26 Feb 2019 (vis. Loretta Silvia).

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 1-13 females, Sherwood Lakes, 27 Jan-26 Feb 2019 (7, ph. Prashant A). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 28 Jan: ph. Steve Myers (13), ph. Rob Bielawski (10), vis. James Marcum (10); 29 Jan: ph. Cindy Hamilton (10), ph. Pamela Monahan (10), vis. Tracy Tate (10), ph. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels (10), ph. Reuben Rohn (12); 30 Jan: vis. Karen & Tom Beatty (3), ph. Loretta Silvia (8); 31 Jan: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (7), vis. Clifford Atkinson (9), vis. Tommy Maloney (10); 1 Feb: vis. Andrew Baldelli (1); 2 Feb: vis. Stephen Keith (1), ph. Charlie Bruggemann (4), vis. Karl Suttmann (5); 3 Feb: vis. George Harris (10), vis. Pamela Monahan (10), vis. Anonymous (9); 5 Feb: vis. Robert Ake (4); 10 Feb: ph. Nancy Barnhart (7), vis. Tommy Maloney (6); 11 Feb: vis. Mike Collins (5), vis. Michael Linz & Patty McLean (6); 16 Feb: vis. Matt Anthony & Andrew Rapp (7); 17 Feb: ph. Rob Bielawski (2), vis. Jacob & James Flynn (4), vis. June McDaniels (1); 21 Feb: vis. David Clark (4); 22 Feb: ph. June McDaniels (2), ph. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels (7); 23 Feb: vis. Matt Anthony & Nick Newberry (3), ph. Joyce Lowry (2); 24 Feb: ph. Steve Myers (2), vis. Lee Adams & Peggy Eubank (5), ph. Rob Bielawski (6); 26 Feb: vis. Karen & Tom Beatty (6); vis. Cathy Williamson (2)].

TUFTED DUCK (Aythya fuligula): 1 female, Chartway Credit Union lake, 19-26 Feb 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Tracy Tate). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 19 Feb: ph. Rob Bielawski, ph. Steve Myers, ph. Mike Collins, vis. James Marcum, ph. Rob Bielawski, vis. Tommy Maloney, ph. Nancy Barnhart, ph. Robert Ake & Edward Brinkley, vis. Karl Suttmann, vis. Brandon Holland, vis. Loretta Silvia, ph. Kathy Spencer, ph. Matt Anthony / Nick Newberry / Andrew Rapp, ph. Brian Taber & Bill Williams; 20 Feb: ph. Reuben Rohn, ph. Stephen Keith, ph. Adam Bollinger & Jason Strickland, vis. Jeffrey Blalock, ph. Marie & Ron Furnish, vis. Tammy Conklin, ph. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels, ph. Lisa Rose, vis. Rexanne Bruno, vis. Jonathan Snyder, ph. Eric Alton, ph. Adam D’Onofrio & Tina Trice, vis. Jason Schatti, ph. Prashant A; 21 Feb: ph. Anonymous, vis. Tom St. Andre & Saundra Winstead, vis. Louis Rajnys, vis. David Youker, ph. Kathy Louthan, vis. Cathy Williamson, ph. David Clark, ph. Ty Smith, vis. Tony Wood, ph. Russell & Sandra Peterson, ph. Mary Coker, vis. Lori Palagyi, ph. Jack Esworthy IV, vis. Bob Swiader; 22 Feb: vis. Anonymous & Anonymous, vis. George Harris, vis. Roberta Kellam, vis. Debbie Schroeder, ph. Eric Alton & Tammy Conklin; 23 Feb: ph. Allen Bryan, ph. Arun Bose, ph. James Fox, vis. Mike O’Brien, ph. Seth Kellogg, ph. Joyce Lowry, vis. Mike O’Brien, ph. Paul Droubay, ph. Amanda & Julian Dymacek, vis. R.J., ph. Lewis Barnett & Kim Harrell, ph. Matthew & Scott Hogdon, vis. Mark Hoffman, ph. Janet Paisley, vis. Bob Knox, ph. Courtney Check, ph. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Keith Roberts; 24 Feb: ph. Jesse Anderson / Nathan & Sarah Gatto, ph. Paul Glass & Evan Spears, vis. Josh Lefever, vis. Peggy Eubank, vis. Teresa Conlon & Jacob Flynn, ph. Lee Adams & Peggy Eubank, ph. Bryan Barmore & Sharon Burton, ph. Cindy Schulz, ph. Drew, Monica & Tim Chaney, vis. Baxter Beamer, ph. Natalie & WS Barbour, vis. Wes Teets, vis. Michelle Payne, ph. Leigh Gordon & Shea Tiller, vis. Clark Olsen; 25 Feb: vis. John Pancake, vis. Len Smock, vis. Judy Jones, ph. Pamela Monahan, vis. Shawn Kurtzman, ph. Eric Alton; 26 Feb: vis. Daniel Joslyn, ph. Will McPhail, vis. Bill Reddinger, vis. Stuart Sweetman, ph. Don Aldridge & Bob Epperson, ph. Jason & Kent Davis, vis. Marlee Morris.].

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus): 1, Nanney’s Creek Rd., 24 Feb 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 24 Feb: ph. Steve Myers, ph. Rob Bielawski.].

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii): 2, Gum Bridge Rd., 23-24 Feb 2019 (vis. Matt Anthony & Nick Newberry). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 24 Feb: ph. Rob Bielawski, vis. Andrew Baldelli, vis. Jason Schatti.].

Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors): 2-3, Little Island Park, 1-24 Feb 2019 (3, vis. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 4 Feb: vis. James Marcum (2); 5 Feb: vis. Andrew Baldelli (2); 24 Feb: vis. Andrew Baldelli (1).].

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1 female, Great Neck Estates, 23 Feb 2019 (ph. J.A.). 

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 2-3 females, Lynnhaven Inlet, 11-22 Feb 2019 (3, ph. June McDaniels). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 22 Feb: ph. June McDaniels (2).].

DOVEKIE (Alle alle): 1-4, Little Island Park, 16 Jan-19 Feb 2019 (1, vis. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 25 Jan: vis. Karen & Tom Beatty (1); 15 Feb: vis. Andrew Baldelli (1); 19 Feb: vis. Andrew Baldelli (4) & Tracy Tate (3).].

Sandwich Tern (Thalasseus sandvicensis): 1, Back Bay NWR, 17 Feb 2019 (ph. June McDaniels).

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus): 3, False Cape SP, 17 Feb 2019 (Richmond Audubon Society field trip; aud. Kathy Louthan / Virginia Mathewson / James Shelton / Len Smock / Tripp Stover / Tracy Tate / Wes Teets).

Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors): 1-4, Back Bay NWR, 29 Jan-17 Feb 2019 (1 female, vis. Robert Ake). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 15 Feb: vis. Robert Ake (4); 16 Feb: vis. Matt Anthony / Andrew Hawkins / Emmylou Kidder / Lori Palagyi / Andrew Rapp / Ryan Walsh (2) on a Hampton Roads Bird Club field trip; 17 Feb: vis. Tracy Tate (3), vis. Tracy Tate (2) on a Richmond Audubon Society field trip.].

Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors): 2-3, Princess Anne WMA Beasley Tract, 6 Jan-17 Feb 2019 (2 drakes & 1 hen, ph. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 17 Feb: ph. Rob Bielawski (1 drake & 1 hen).].

Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors): 5, False Cape SP, 16 Feb 2019 (ph. Matt Anthony / Andrew Hawkins / Emmylou Kidder / Lori Palagyi / Andrew Rapp / Ryan Walsh).

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 1 female/immature, Kempsville (Private Residence), 7 Nov 2018-15 Feb 2019 (ph. Teresa Conlon, vis. Jacob Flynn). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 15 Dec: ph. Teresa Conlon & Jacob Flynn; 3 Feb: ph. Teresa Conlon; 15 Feb: ph. Teresa Conlon.].

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia): 1, Back Bay NWR, 14 Feb 2019 (ph. Cindy Hamilton & June McDaniels).

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 4, Virginia Beach Fishing Pier, 11 Feb 2019 (vis. Jessica Klotz).

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1 male, Larkspur (Private Residence), 10 Feb 2019 (ph. Steve Myers).

Black Skimmer (Rynchops niger): 1-3, Pleasure House Point NA, 30 Jan-9 Feb 2019 (3, vis. William Parkin). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 2 Feb: vis. Tommy Maloney (1), vis. Anonymous (1); 3 Feb: vis. Andrew Hawkins & David Youker (1), vis. Jason Strickland (1), vis. Carson Lambert, Andrew Rapp, Ezra Staengl & Theo Staengl (1), vis. Diane Lepkowski (1); 4 Feb: vis. Tracy Tate (1), ph. Prashant A (1); 5 Feb: vis. Dixie Sommers (1), vis. Karen & Tom Beatty (1); 7 Feb: ph. Cindy Hamilton (1), ph. Courtney Check (1); 9 Feb: vis. Anonymous (1).].

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1-2, Little Island Park, 29 Dec 2018-9 Feb 2019 (2, ph. Andrew Baldelli & Linda Chittum). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 5 Jan: vis. Logan Anderson & Garrett Rhyne (1); 9 Feb: vis. Robert Ake (1).].

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1 male, First Landing SP, 8 Feb 2019 (ph. June McDaniels).

Brant (Branta bernicla): 1-58, Oliver’s Pond/Lake Smith, 16 Jan-5 Feb 2019 (58, vis. Tracy Tate). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 17 Jan: vis. Tracy Tate (47); 5 Feb: vis. Tracy Tate (1).].

WESTERN GREBE (Aechmophorus occidentalis): 1, Little Island Park, 29 Dec 2018-5 Feb 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli & Linda Chittum). [This is likely the same individual that was reported previously at Back Bay NWR. Additional reports at this location as follows, 5 Jan: vis. Clark Olsen; 5 Feb: ph. Dixie Sommers.].

Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis): 3-16, 82nd Street Beach, 12 Dec 2018-5 Feb 2019 (3, ph. Stephen Keith). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 12 Dec: vis. Tracy Tate (4), ph. Steve Myers (4), ph. Rob Bielawski (4); vis. Kathy Louthan (8); 17 Dec: ph. June McDaniels (8); 23 Dec: ph. Jason Sosebee (13); 24 Dec: ph. Andrew Baldelli (12), vis. Mary Ames (12); 26 Dec: ph. Susan Remmie (16); 31 Dec: vis. Will Britton & Jojo Morelli (12); 7 Jan: vis. Lynn DiFerdinando (12); 2 Feb: ph. Allen Bryan (6); 3 Feb: vis. Lisa Rose (12); 4 Feb: ph. Andrew Baldelli (14), ph. Cindy Hamilton (14), ph. Steve Myers (14); 5 Feb: vis. Cathy Williamson (14).].

Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula): 1 female, Princess Anne WMA Whitehurst Tract, 3 Feb 2019 (ph. Steve Myers).

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia): 1, Pleasure House Point NA, 6 Jan-3 Feb 2019 (ph. Nathaniel Abrahams / Logan Anderson / Carson Lambert / Andrew Rapp / Garrett Rhyne / Sam Simon / Robert Wood). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 3 Feb: ph. Carson Lambert & Andrew Rapp, vis. Jason Strickland, ph. Diane Lepkowski.].

White-winged Scoter (Melanitta deglandi): 1, Sherwood Lakes, 2 Feb 2019 (ph. Charlie Bruggemann).

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 1 female, Pleasure House Point NA, 2 Feb 2019 (ph. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 2 Feb: ph. Steve Myers.].

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 1 female/immature, Lynnhaven (Private Residence), 2 Feb 2019 (ph. Catherine Johnson).

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 2-15, Rudee Inlet, 20 Jan-2 Feb 2019 (15, vis. Tracy Tate). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 2 Feb: vis. Matt Wangerin & Paul Sumner (2), vis. David Bridge (2), ph. Greg Moyers (2).].

Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus): 1 adult, Pleasure House Point NA, 13-2 Feb Jan 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 2 Feb: ph. Rob Bielawski, ph. Steve Myers.].

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida): 1, Indian River, 31 Jan 2019 (vis. George Harris).

Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis): 1 adult male, Virginia Beach Blvd. at Oceana Blvd., 26 Jan 2019 (ph. Lisa Kirkman).

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 1 female, North Landing River, 26 Jan 2019 (ph. Stephen Coari & Laura Mae). 

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1 female & 1 male, Bay Colony, 23 Jan 2019 (vis. Tommy Maloney).

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser): 1 female, Little Island Park, 22 Jan 2019 (vis. Andrew Baldelli).

Parasitic Jaeger (Stercorarius parasiticus): 1, Oceantfront Nearshore Waters, 19-22 Jan 2019 (ph. Jason Sosebee). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 22 Jan: vis. Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center.]. 

Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica): 1, Bellamy Woods (Private Residence), 28 Dec 2018-22 Jan 2019 (ph. Reuben Rohn). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 10 Jan: ph. Reuben Rohn; 19 Jan: ph. Reuben Rohn; 22 Jan: ph. Reuben Rohn.].

Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana): 1 female/immature, Windsor Woods (Private Residence), 13 Dec 2018-22 Jan 2019 (ph. Lisa Rose). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 30 Dec: ph. Lisa Rose, ph. Robert Wood, vis. Linda Chittum; 3 Jan: vis. Lisa Rose; 7 Jan: ph. Lisa Rose; 11 Jan: vis. Lisa Rose; 12 Jan: vis. Brandon Holland & Lisa Rose; 13 Jan: ph. Andrew Baldelli, Rob Bielawski & Lisa Rose; 22 Jan: ph. Lisa Rose.].

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii): 1-2, Sherwood Lakes, 5 Nov 2018-22 Jan 2019 (1, vis. Bob Swiader). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 5 Nov: vis. Glen Garada (1); 6 Nov: ph. Marie D’Auteuil (1); 7 Nov: vis. Mike Collins (1); 8 Nov: vis. Cathy Williamson (1), vis. Marie D’Auteuil (1); 10 Nov: vis. Clark Olsen (1), ph. William Boeh, Mark Sopko & Stuart Sweetman (1); 8 Dec: ph. Rob Bielawski (2); 10 Dec: ph. Steve Myers (2), vis. Karen & Tom Beatty; 22 Jan: vis Andrew Baldelli (1), vis. Tom Beatty (1).].

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos): 15, Back Bay NWR, 20 Jan 2019 (vis. Clark Olsen, ph. Karen & Keith Roberts).

Yellow-throated Warbler (Setophaga dominica): 1, Bellamy Manor (Private Residence), 20 Jan 2019 (ph. Una Davenhill). [This could be the same individual being observed in Bellamy Woods this winter.].

Iceland Gull (Kumlien’s) (Larus glaucoides kumlieni): 1 immature, Rudee Inlet, 7-17 Jan 2019 (ph. Andrew Baldelli). [This is likely to be the same individual that has also been observed recently at 88th Street, Fort Story JEB and/or Back Bay NWR; denoting separately simply because this is a different location. Additional reports at this location as follows, 17 Jan: vis. Andrew Baldelli, ph. Rob Bielawski.].

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 3 adult males, Morris Neck Rd., 14 Jan 2019 (vis. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 2 females, Kings Grant (Private Residence), 14 Jan 2019 (vis. Cathy Williamson).

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): 1 immature, Stuart Rd., 14 Jan 2019 (vis. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii): 1, Princess Anne Rd., 13 Jan 2019 (ph. Rob Bielawski). [It is very likely that this is the same individual that has been observed recently at Firefall Drive, Haviland Drive, and among the goose flock on Sherwood Lakes; denoting separately simply because this is a different location.].

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea): 1, Back Bay NWR, 23 Dec 2018-11 Jan 2019 (ph. June McDaniels). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 11 Jan: vis. Daniel Patrick.]. 

Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris): 1-3 female/immatures & 1 adult male, Hilltop (Private Residence), 2 Dec 2018-7 Jan 2019 (1 adult male, ph. Andrew Baldelli, Lisa Rose & Jason Strickland). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 7 Jan: vis. Andrew Baldelli (1 female/immature), ph. Pamela Monahan (3 female/immatures & 1 adult male).].

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris): 1, Laurel Manor (Private Residence), 6 Jan 2019 (vis. Tommy Maloney).

Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus): 1-4, Crags Causeway, 30 Dec 2018-6 Jan 2019 (vis. Karen & Tom Beatty, ph. Linda Chittum, vis. Jason Strickland, ph. Rob Bielawski & Robert Wood). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 31 Dec: vis. Tommy Maloney (4), ph. Steve Myers (4); 6 Jan: aud. Logan Anderson & Garrett Rhyne (1).].

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris): 1-3, Camp Pendleton SMR (Restricted Access), 6 Dec 2018-6 Jan 2019 (ph. Karen & Tom Beatty). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 2 Jan: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (3); 6 Jan: ph. Steve Myers (1).].

Iceland Gull (Kumlien’s) (Larus glaucoides kumlieni): 1 immature, Back Bay NWR, 5 Jan 2019 (ph. Logan Anderson & Garrett Rhyne).

COMMON MURRE (Uria aalge): 1, Two miles off Cape Henry, 3 Jan 2019 (ph. Alexis Rabon [Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center Whales & Wildlife Sea Adventure boat trip]).

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii): 1, Haviland Dr., 1 Jan 2019 (vis. Karen & Tom Beatty).

Brant (Branta bernicla): 3-66, Firefall Dr., 15 Dec 2018-1 Jan 2019 (33, ph. Rob Bielawski). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 15 Dec: vis. Karen & Tom Beatty (20), vis. Tommy Maloney (8); 16 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (32); 22 Dec: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (37); 27 Dec: ph. Susan Remmie (4); 30 Dec: ph. Reuben Rohn (6), vis. Rob Bielawski (3); 1 Jan: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (45), vis. Andrew Baldelli (41), vis. Josh Lefever & Mark Mizak (66).].

Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis): 1-12, Back Bay NWR, 25 Nov 2018-1 Jan 2019 (2, ph. Stephen Keith & ph. Alain Robert). [Additional reports at this location as follows, 25 Nov: ph. Karen & Tom Beatty (1); 2 Dec: vis. Phil Kenny & Russell Taylor (12); 1 Jan: ph. Robert Wood (2).].

References

Rottenborn, Stephen C. and Edward S. Brinkley (editors). 2007. Virginia’s Birdlife: An Annotated Checklist. Virginia Society of Ornithology. Virginia            Avifauna No. 7.

Sullivan, B.L., C.L. Wood, M.J. Iliff, R.E. Bonney, D. Fink, and S. Kelling. 2009. eBird: a citizen-based bird observation network in the biological sciences. Biological Conservation 142: 2282-2292.