Status & Distribution - Virginia Beach Comprehensive Checklist

This listing contains every species for which there exists an accepted record for the state of Virginia. In order to compile this list, eBird and The Raven (the official journal of the Virginia Society of Ornithology), specifically the annual VARCOM reports, were searched in full. Review & acceptance has been completed by the regional reviewers of eBird and/or the Virginia Avian Records Committee (VARCOM). In going through all these records, I created a system for assigning each species a particular 'Filter Code', which is reflective of how eBird treats a particular species if submitted by a user. Code 1 species (purple) are accepted on a year-round basis (permanent residents) as long as the counts are within acceptable ranges. The acceptable count fluctuates depending on the season, but these species have records during the full calendar year in Virginia Beach. Code 2 species (blue or red) are those that spend a full season (winter or summer residents) in the county; they may be present in higher numbers during transitional months, but at least some individuals remain until the next transitional period. These species are accepted into eBird during one date range (fall to spring or spring to fall) as long as the submission falls within accepted counts. Code 3 species (yellow) are those that pass through our region while migrating between wintering & breeding grounds (transients). These species are given two short duration windows (or in some cases, just one) in eBird where they are accepted, as long as the submission falls within accepted counts. Code 4 (green) represents species that hold a zero-count year-round, and will require review & acceptance by eBird anytime they are submitted on a checklist (rarities). Lastly, Code 5 species are those that have been accepted in Virginia, but not in Virginia Beach. These species are not included on the filter, but any observation will require the addition of the species to the official list & eBird filter. The colors have been selected to mirror typical field guide range maps to make viewing this table easy to interpret. A simplified version of the Filter Codes are explained below. (Revised Sep 2019; compliant with eBird/Clements 2019 Taxonomy.)

Color Key & Species Count Breakdowns

Filter: All - Permanent Residents - Winter Residents - Summer Residents - Transients - Rarities - Unrecorded

Filter Code Species Count Code Explanation
Code 1 80   Permanent Residents; species which are present throughout the full calendar year though individuals may turnover seasonally.
Code 2A 66   Annual Winter Residents; species for which there are expected fall arrival & spring departure dates.
Code 2B 40   Annual Summer Residents; species for which there are expected spring arrival & fall departure dates.
Code 3A 30   Annual Transients; species for which there are expected spring arrival & departure dates, and fall arrival & departure dates.
Code 3B 5   Annual Fall Transients; species for which there are expected fall arrival & fall departure dates.
Code 3C 2   Annual Spring Transients; species for which there are expected spring arrival & spring departure dates.
Code 4A 122   Rarities; Species which could potentially occur in any given year, but are considered rare.
Code 4B 47   Accidentals/Casuals; Prior occurrence, but not generally expected to occur in any given year.
Code 5 85   Unrecorded; species with accepted records in Virginia but no records known for Virginia Beach.

The right portion of this table contains links to distributional information for each species within eBird. A map of the spatial distributions (the 'where') may be accessed under the "Spatial Distribution" column. As long as there are records in Virginia Beach, the map will default to a full view of the county. The final column, 'Counts & Seasonality', provides accepted counts throughout the year for each species. In combination, the spatial, count, and seasonality data comprise the full distribution of each species. If you wish to view multiple maps or charts in your browser, select the links by clicking the roll wheel of your mouse on each link. To search this table, hit CTRL+F on your keyboard, type your search & hit Enter.

Virginia Beach Comprehensive Checklist

# Species Scientific Name Category Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
1 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis Rarity Map Chart
2 West Indian Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna arborea Unrecorded Map Chart
3 Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor Accidental Map Chart
4 Snow Goose Anser caerulescens Winter Resident Map Chart
5 Ross's Goose Anser rossii Rarity Map Chart
6 Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Rarity Map Chart
7 Brant Branta bernicla Winter Resident Map Chart
8 Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis Unrecorded Map Chart
9 Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii Rarity Map Chart
10 Canada Goose Branta canadensis Permanent Resident Map Chart
11 Mute Swan Cygnus olor Rarity Map Chart
12 Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator Accidental Map Chart
13 Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus Winter Resident Map Chart
14 Wood Duck Aix sponsa Permanent Resident Map Chart
15 Garganey Spatula querquedula Accidental Map Chart
16 Blue-winged Teal Spatula discors Transient Map Chart
17 Cinnamon Teal Spatula cyanoptera Accidental Map Chart
18 Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata Winter Resident Map Chart
19 Gadwall Mareca strepera Winter Resident Map Chart
20 Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope Rarity Map Chart
21 American Wigeon Mareca americana Winter Resident Map Chart
22 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Permanent Resident Map Chart
23 American Black Duck Anas rubripes Winter Resident Map Chart
24 White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis Accidental Map Chart
25 Northern Pintail Anas acuta Winter Resident Map Chart
26 Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Winter Resident Map Chart
27 Canvasback Aythya valisineria Winter Resident Map Chart
28 Redhead Aythya americana Winter Resident Map Chart
29 Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris Winter Resident Map Chart
30 Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula Accidental Map Chart
31 Greater Scaup Aythya marila Winter Resident Map Chart
32 Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis Winter Resident Map Chart
33 King Eider Somateria spectabilis Rarity Map Chart
34 Common Eider Somateria mollissima Winter Resident Map Chart
35 Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus Rarity Map Chart
36 Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata Winter Resident Map Chart
37 White-winged Scoter Melanitta deglandi Winter Resident Map Chart
38 Black Scoter Melanitta americana Winter Resident Map Chart
39 Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis Winter Resident Map Chart
40 Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Winter Resident Map Chart
41 Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula Winter Resident Map Chart
42 Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica Unrecorded Map Chart
43 Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus Winter Resident Map Chart
44 Common Merganser Mergus merganser Rarity Map Chart
45 Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator Winter Resident Map Chart
46 Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis Winter Resident Map Chart
47 Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus Permanent Resident Map Chart
48 Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Accidental Map Chart
49 Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus Unrecorded Map Chart
50 Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo Permanent Resident Map Chart
51 American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Unrecorded Map Chart
52 Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Winter Resident Map Chart
53 Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus Winter Resident Map Chart
54 Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena Winter Resident Map Chart
55 Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Rarity Map Chart
56 Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis Rarity Map Chart
57 Clark's Grebe Aechmophorus clarkii Accidental Map Chart
58 Rock Pigeon Columba livia Permanent Resident Map Chart
59 White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala Unrecorded Map Chart
60 Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto Permanent Resident Map Chart
61 Common Ground Dove Columbina passerina Accidental Map Chart
62 White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica Rarity Map Chart
63 Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura Permanent Resident Map Chart
64 Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris Unrecorded Map Chart
65 Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Summer Resident Map Chart
66 Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Rarity Map Chart
67 Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor Transient Map Chart
68 Chuck-will's-widow Antrostomus carolinensis Summer Resident Map Chart
69 Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus Rarity Map Chart
70 Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica Summer Resident Map Chart
71 Rivoli's Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens Unrecorded Map Chart
72 Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris Summer Resident Map Chart
73 Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri Accidental Map Chart
74 Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus Accidental Map Chart
75 Allen's Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin Unrecorded Map Chart
76 Calliope Hummingbird Selasphorus calliope Accidental Map Chart
77 Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps Unrecorded Map Chart
78 King Rail Rallus elegans Permanent Resident Map Chart
79 Clapper Rail Rallus crepitans Permanent Resident Map Chart
80 Virginia Rail Rallus limicola Rarity Map Chart
81 Paint-billed Crake Mustelirallus erythrops Unrecorded Map Chart
82 Sora Porzana carolina Winter Resident Map Chart
83 Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata Rarity Map Chart
84 American Coot Fulica americana Winter Resident Map Chart
85 Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica Rarity Map Chart
86 Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis Rarity Map Chart
87 Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis Rarity Map Chart
88 Limpkin Aramus guarauna Unrecorded Map Chart
89 Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis Rarity Map Chart
90 Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Rarity Map Chart
91 American Avocet Recurvirostra americana Rarity Map Chart
92 American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus Permanent Resident Map Chart
93 Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Winter Resident Map Chart
94 American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica Rarity Map Chart
95 Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus Accidental Map Chart
96 Lesser Sand-Plover Charadrius mongolus Unrecorded Map Chart
97 Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus Unrecorded Map Chart
98 Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia Rarity Map Chart
99 Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Transient Map Chart
100 Piping Plover Charadrius melodus Transient Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name Category Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
101 Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Permanent Resident Map Chart
102 Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus Unrecorded Map Chart
103 Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Rarity Map Chart
104 Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus Transient Map Chart
105 Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus Unrecorded Map Chart
106 Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica Unrecorded Map Chart
107 Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Unrecorded Map Chart
108 Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica Unrecorded Map Chart
109 Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa Rarity Map Chart
110 Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Winter Resident Map Chart
111 Red Knot Calidris canutus Transient Map Chart
112 Ruff Calidris pugnax Rarity Map Chart
113 Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata Unrecorded Map Chart
114 Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus Transient Map Chart
115 Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea Unrecorded Map Chart
116 Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis Unrecorded Map Chart
117 Sanderling Calidris alba Permanent Resident Map Chart
118 Dunlin Calidris alpina Winter Resident Map Chart
119 Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima Winter Resident Map Chart
120 Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii Rarity Map Chart
121 Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Transient Map Chart
122 White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Transient Map Chart
123 Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis Rarity Map Chart
124 Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos Transient Map Chart
125 Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Summer Resident Map Chart
126 Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Fall Transient Map Chart
127 Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Transient Map Chart
128 Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Rarity Map Chart
129 Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Unrecorded Map Chart
130 American Woodcock Scolopax minor Winter Resident Map Chart
131 Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata Winter Resident Map Chart
132 Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus Unrecorded Map Chart
133 Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Rarity Map Chart
134 Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Rarity Map Chart
135 Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius Rarity Map Chart
136 Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius Transient Map Chart
137 Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Transient Map Chart
138 Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca Permanent Resident Map Chart
139 Willet Tringa semipalmata Permanent Resident Map Chart
140 Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes Transient Map Chart
141 Great Skua Stercorarius skua Rarity Map Chart
142 South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki Accidental Map Chart
143 Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus Rarity Map Chart
144 Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus Rarity Map Chart
145 Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus Rarity Map Chart
146 Dovekie Alle alle Rarity Map Chart
147 Common Murre Uria aalge Accidental Map Chart
148 Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia Rarity Map Chart
149 Razorbill Alca torda Winter Resident Map Chart
150 Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle Accidental Map Chart
151 Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus Accidental Map Chart
152 Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica Rarity Map Chart
153 Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla Rarity Map Chart
154 Sabine's Gull Xema sabini Rarity Map Chart
155 Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia Winter Resident Map Chart
156 Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus Rarity Map Chart
157 Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus Rarity Map Chart
158 Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla Summer Resident Map Chart
159 Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan Rarity Map Chart
160 Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris Accidental Map Chart
161 Heermann's Gull Larus heermanni Unrecorded Map Chart
162 Mew Gull Larus canus Unrecorded Map Chart
163 Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis Permanent Resident Map Chart
164 California Gull Larus californicus Accidental Map Chart
165 Herring Gull Larus argentatus Permanent Resident Map Chart
166 Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis Accidental Map Chart
167 Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides Rarity Map Chart
168 Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Permanent Resident Map Chart
169 Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus Rarity Map Chart
170 Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus Permanent Resident Map Chart
171 Brown Noddy Anous stolidus Unrecorded Map Chart
172 Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus Rarity Map Chart
173 Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus Rarity Map Chart
174 Least Tern Sternula antillarum Summer Resident Map Chart
175 Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Transient Map Chart
176 Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia Summer Resident Map Chart
177 Black Tern Chlidonias niger Fall Transient Map Chart
178 White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus Unrecorded Map Chart
179 Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii Rarity Map Chart
180 Common Tern Sterna hirundo Summer Resident Map Chart
181 Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea Rarity Map Chart
182 Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri Permanent Resident Map Chart
183 Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus Summer Resident Map Chart
184 Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis Summer Resident Map Chart
185 Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans Unrecorded Map Chart
186 Black Skimmer Rynchops niger Summer Resident Map Chart
187 White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus Rarity Map Chart
188 Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus Unrecorded Map Chart
189 Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata Winter Resident Map Chart
190 Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica Rarity Map Chart
191 Common Loon Gavia immer Winter Resident Map Chart
192 Yellow-nosed Albatross Thalassarche chlororhynchos Accidental Map Chart
193 Black-browed Albatross Thalassarche melanophris Unrecorded Map Chart
194 Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus Rarity Map Chart
195 White-faced Storm-Petrel Pelagodroma marina Rarity Map Chart
196 Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa Rarity Map Chart
197 Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma castro Rarity Map Chart
198 Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Rarity Map Chart
199 Trindade Petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana Unrecorded Map Chart
200 Fea's Petrel Pterodroma feae Unrecorded Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name Category Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
201 Bermuda Petrel Pterodroma cahow Unrecorded Map Chart
202 Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata Rarity Map Chart
203 Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii Unrecorded Map Chart
204 Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea Rarity Map Chart
205 Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis Rarity Map Chart
206 Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea Rarity Map Chart
207 Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus Rarity Map Chart
208 Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri Rarity Map Chart
209 Wood Stork Mycteria americana Rarity Map Chart
210 Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens Rarity Map Chart
211 Brown Booby Sula leucogaster Rarity Map Chart
212 Northern Gannet Morus bassanus Winter Resident Map Chart
213 Anhinga Anhinga anhinga Rarity Map Chart
214 Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo Rarity Map Chart
215 Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus Unrecorded Map Chart
216 Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Permanent Resident Map Chart
217 American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Rarity Map Chart
218 Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Permanent Resident Map Chart
219 American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus Winter Resident Map Chart
220 Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis Summer Resident Map Chart
221 Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Permanent Resident Map Chart
222 Great Egret Ardea alba Permanent Resident Map Chart
223 Little Egret Egretta garzetta Unrecorded Map Chart
224 Snowy Egret Egretta thula Permanent Resident Map Chart
225 Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea Summer Resident Map Chart
226 Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Summer Resident Map Chart
227 Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens Unrecorded Map Chart
228 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Summer Resident Map Chart
229 Green Heron Butorides virescens Summer Resident Map Chart
230 Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Permanent Resident Map Chart
231 Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea Summer Resident Map Chart
232 White Ibis Eudocimus albus Permanent Resident Map Chart
233 Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus Summer Resident Map Chart
234 White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi Unrecorded Map Chart
235 Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja Rarity Map Chart
236 Black Vulture Coragyps atratus Permanent Resident Map Chart
237 Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura Permanent Resident Map Chart
238 Osprey Pandion haliaetus Permanent Resident Map Chart
239 White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus Unrecorded Map Chart
240 Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus Rarity Map Chart
241 Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Rarity Map Chart
242 Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis Summer Resident Map Chart
243 Eurasian Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus Unrecorded Map Chart
244 Northern Harrier Circus hudsonius Winter Resident Link Chart
245 Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus Winter Resident Map Chart
246 Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii Permanent Resident Map Chart
247 Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Rarity Map Chart
248 Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus Permanent Resident Map Chart
249 Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus Permanent Resident Map Chart
250 Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus Rarity Map Chart
251 Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni Unrecorded Map Chart
252 Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus Unrecorded Map Chart
253 Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis Permanent Resident Map Chart
254 Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Rarity Map Chart
255 Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis Unrecorded Map Chart
256 Barn Owl Tyto alba Rarity Map Chart
257 Eastern Screech-Owl Megascops asio Permanent Resident Map Chart
258 Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus Permanent Resident Map Chart
259 Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus Rarity Map Chart
260 Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia Accidental Map Chart
261 Barred Owl Strix varia Permanent Resident Map Chart
262 Long-eared Owl Asio otus Accidental Map Chart
263 Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus Rarity Map Chart
264 Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus Rarity Map Chart
265 Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon Permanent Resident Map Chart
266 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Winter Resident Map Chart
267 Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis Unrecorded Map Chart
268 Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus Permanent Resident Map Chart
269 Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus Permanent Resident Map Chart
270 Downy Woodpecker Dryobates pubescens Permanent Resident Map Chart
271 Red-cockaded Woodpecker Dryobates borealis Accidental Map Chart
272 Hairy Woodpecker Dryobates villosus Permanent Resident Map Chart
273 Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus Permanent Resident Map Chart
274 Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus Permanent Resident Map Chart
275 Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway Accidental Map Chart
276 American Kestrel Falco sparverius Permanent Resident Map Chart
277 Merlin Falco columbarius Winter Resident Map Chart
278 Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus Unrecorded Map Chart
279 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Winter Resident Map Chart
280 Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus Unrecorded Map Chart
281 Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus Accidental Map Chart
282 Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi Unrecorded Map Chart
283 Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus Accidental Map Chart
284 Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens Summer Resident Map Chart
285 Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris Rarity Map Chart
286 Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens Summer Resident Map Chart
287 Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum Rarity Map Chart
288 Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii Rarity Map Chart
289 Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus Rarity Map Chart
290 Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri Unrecorded Map Chart
291 Pacific-slope Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis Unrecorded Map Chart
292 Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe Permanent Resident Map Chart
293 Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya Accidental Map Chart
294 Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Unrecorded Map Chart
295 Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens Rarity Map Chart
296 Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus Summer Resident Map Chart
297 Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis Rarity Map Chart
298 Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus Summer Resident Map Chart
299 Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis Rarity Map Chart
300 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Rarity Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name Category Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
301 Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana Accidental Map Chart
302 White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus Summer Resident Map Chart
303 Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii Unrecorded Map Chart
304 Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons Rarity Map Chart
305 Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius Winter Resident Map Chart
306 Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus Rarity Map Chart
307 Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus Rarity Map Chart
308 Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus Summer Resident Map Chart
309 Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo altiloquus Accidental Map Chart
310 Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus Accidental Map Chart
311 Northern Shrike Lanius borealis Accidental Map Chart
312 Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata Permanent Resident Map Chart
313 Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia Unrecorded Map Chart
314 American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos Permanent Resident Map Chart
315 Fish Crow Corvus ossifragus Permanent Resident Map Chart
316 Common Raven Corvus corax Accidental Map Chart
317 Carolina Chickadee Poecile carolinensis Permanent Resident Map Chart
318 Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus Unrecorded Map Chart
319 Boreal Chickadee Poecile hudsonicus Unrecorded Map Chart
320 Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor Permanent Resident Map Chart
321 Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris Winter Resident Map Chart
322 Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis Summer Resident Map Chart
323 Purple Martin Progne subis Summer Resident Map Chart
324 Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera Unrecorded Map Chart
325 Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor Permanent Resident Map Chart
326 Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina Unrecorded Map Chart
327 Bank Swallow Riparia riparia Transient Map Chart
328 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Summer Resident Map Chart
329 Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Rarity Map Chart
330 Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva Rarity Map Chart
331 Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa Winter Resident Map Chart
332 Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula Winter Resident Map Chart
333 Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis Winter Resident Map Chart
334 White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis Permanent Resident Map Chart
335 Brown-headed Nuthatch Sitta pusilla Permanent Resident Map Chart
336 Brown Creeper Certhia americana Winter Resident Map Chart
337 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea Summer Resident Map Chart
338 Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus Accidental Map Chart
339 House Wren Troglodytes aedon Permanent Resident Map Chart
340 Winter Wren Troglodytes hiemalis Winter Resident Map Chart
341 Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Rarity Map Chart
342 Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris Permanent Resident Map Chart
343 Carolina Wren Thryothorus ludovicianus Permanent Resident Map Chart
344 Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii Accidental Map Chart
345 European Starling Sturnus vulgaris Permanent Resident Map Chart
346 Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis Permanent Resident Map Chart
347 Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum Permanent Resident Map Chart
348 Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus Unrecorded Map Chart
349 Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos Permanent Resident Map Chart
350 Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis Permanent Resident Map Chart
351 Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides Unrecorded Map Chart
352 Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi Accidental Map Chart
353 Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius Unrecorded Map Chart
354 Veery Catharus fuscescens Transient Map Chart
355 Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus Transient Map Chart
356 Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli Rarity Map Chart
357 Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus Transient Map Chart
358 Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus Winter Resident Map Chart
359 Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina Summer Resident Map Chart
360 American Robin Turdus migratorius Permanent Resident Map Chart
361 Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Unrecorded Map Chart
362 Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Unrecorded Map Chart
363 Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Permanent Resident Map Chart
364 House Sparrow Passer domesticus Permanent Resident Map Chart
365 American Pipit Anthus rubescens Winter Resident Map Chart
366 Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii Unrecorded Map Chart
367 Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Accidental Map Chart
368 Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator Unrecorded Map Chart
369 House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus Permanent Resident Map Chart
370 Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus Rarity Map Chart
371 Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea Accidental Map Chart
372 Hoary Redpoll Acanthis hornemanni Unrecorded Map Chart
373 Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Accidental Map Chart
374 White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera Accidental Map Chart
375 European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis Unrecorded Map Chart
376 Pine Siskin Spinus pinus Winter Resident Map Chart
377 Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria Accidental Map Chart
378 American Goldfinch Spinus tristis Permanent Resident Map Chart
379 Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus Accidental Map Chart
380 Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus Unrecorded Map Chart
381 Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus Unrecorded Map Chart
382 Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis Rarity Map Chart
383 Bachman's Sparrow Peucaea aestivalis Unrecorded Map Chart
384 Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum Rarity Map Chart
385 Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina Permanent Resident Map Chart
386 Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida Rarity Map Chart
387 Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla Permanent Resident Map Chart
388 Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri Unrecorded Map Chart
389 Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata Unrecorded Map Chart
390 Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus Rarity Map Chart
391 Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys Accidental Map Chart
392 American Tree Sparrow Spizelloides arborea Accidental Map Chart
393 Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca Winter Resident Map Chart
394 Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis Winter Resident Map Chart
395 White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys Rarity Map Chart
396 Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula Unrecorded Map Chart
397 White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Winter Resident Map Chart
398 Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus Rarity Map Chart
399 LeConte's Sparrow Ammospiza leconteii Rarity Map Chart
400 Seaside Sparrow Ammospiza maritima Permanent Resident Map Chart
# Species Scientific Name Category Spatial Distribution Counts & Seasonality
401 Nelson's Sparrow Ammospiza nelsoni Winter Resident Map Chart
402 Saltmarsh Sparrow Ammospiza caudacuta Rarity Map Chart
403 Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis Winter Resident Map Chart
404 Henslow's Sparrow Centronyx henslowii Accidental Map Chart
405 Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia Permanent Resident Map Chart
406 Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii Rarity Map Chart
407 Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana Winter Resident Map Chart
408 Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus Accidental Map Chart
409 Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus Unrecorded Map Chart
410 Eastern Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus Permanent Resident Map Chart
411 Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens Summer Resident Map Chart
412 Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Rarity Map Chart
413 Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Transient Map Chart
414 Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna Permanent Resident Map Chart
415 Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius Summer Resident Map Chart
416 Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii Accidental Map Chart
417 Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula Winter Resident Map Chart
418 Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Permanent Resident Map Chart
419 Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis Unrecorded Map Chart
420 Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater Permanent Resident Map Chart
421 Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus Rarity Map Chart
422 Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus Rarity Map Chart
423 Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula Permanent Resident Map Chart
424 Boat-tailed Grackle Quiscalus major Permanent Resident Map Chart
425 Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla Summer Resident Map Chart
426 Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum Rarity Map Chart
427 Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla Rarity Map Chart
428 Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis Transient Map Chart
429 Bachman's Warbler Vermivora bachmanii Unrecorded Map Chart
430 Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera Unrecorded Map Chart
431 Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera Rarity Map Chart
432 Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia Transient Map Chart
433 Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Summer Resident Map Chart
434 Swainson's Warbler Limnothlypis swainsonii Unrecorded Map Chart
435 Tennessee Warbler Leiothlypis peregrina Rarity Map Chart
436 Orange-crowned Warbler Leiothlypis celata Winter Resident Map Chart
437 Lucy's Warbler Leiothlypis luciae Unrecorded Map Chart
438 Nashville Warbler Leiothlypis ruficapilla Fall Transient Map Chart
439 Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis Rarity Map Chart
440 MacGillivray's Warbler Geothlypis tolmiei Unrecorded Map Chart
441 Mourning Warbler Geothlypis philadelphia Rarity Map Chart
442 Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa Rarity Map Chart
443 Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas Permanent Resident Map Chart
444 Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina Spring Transient Map Chart
445 American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla Transient Map Chart
446 Kirtland's Warbler Setophaga kirtlandii Unrecorded Map Chart
447 Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina Fall Transient Map Chart
448 Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea Unrecorded Map Chart
449 Northern Parula Setophaga americana Summer Resident Map Chart
450 Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia Transient Map Chart
451 Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea Rarity Map Chart
452 Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca Rarity Map Chart
453 Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia Transient Map Chart
454 Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica Rarity Map Chart
455 Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata Transient Map Chart
456 Black-throated Blue Warbler Setophaga caerulescens Transient Map Chart
457 Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum Winter Resident Map Chart
458 Pine Warbler Setophaga pinus Permanent Resident Map Chart
459 Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata Winter Resident Map Chart
460 Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica Spring Transient Map Chart
461 Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor Summer Resident Map Chart
462 Black-throated Gray Warbler Setophaga nigrescens Unrecorded Map Chart
463 Townsend's Warbler Setophaga townsendi Unrecorded Map Chart
464 Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens Transient Map Chart
465 Canada Warbler Cardellina canadensis Rarity Map Chart
466 Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla Fall Transient Map Chart
467 Summer Tanager Piranga rubra Summer Resident Map Chart
468 Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea Transient Map Chart
469 Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana Rarity Map Chart
470 Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis Permanent Resident Map Chart
471 Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Transient Map Chart
472 Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus Unrecorded Map Chart
473 Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea Summer Resident Map Chart
474 Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena Unrecorded Map Chart
475 Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea Summer Resident Map Chart
476 Painted Bunting Passerina ciris Rarity Map Chart
477 Dickcissel Spiza americana Rarity Map Chart


Rottenborn, Stephen C. and Edward S. Brinkley (editors). 2007. Virginia’s Birdlife: An Annotated Checklist. Virginia Society of Ornithology. Virginia            Avifauna No. 7.

Sullivan, B.L., C.L. Wood, M.J. Iliff, R.E. Bonney, D. Fink, and S. Kelling. 2009. eBird: a citizen-based bird observation network in the biological sciences. Biological Conservation 142: 2282-2292.